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POLEMONIACEAE PHLOX FAMILY

Robert Patterson, family description, key to genera

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1–many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). [Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55–91] Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Polemoniaceae

SALTUGILIA

Leigh A. Johnson

Annual, not cobwebby. Stem: erect, branched above; glabrous to glandular-hairy below, glandular but with 0 nonglandular hairs in inflorescence. Leaf: simple, alternate; basal generally suberect in rosette, 2–15 cm, generally 2–3-pinnate, axis linear, lobes spaced, ascending, segments narrower than or equaling leaf axis, tips acute; hairs long, shiny, translucent, minutely gland-tipped; cauline leaves reduced. Inflorescence: open; bracts linear or lobed at base; pedicels 1 or in unequal pairs, glandular; glands flat-topped, wider than stalk. Flower: calyx membranes wider than lobes, generally purple-spotted; corolla > calyx, funnel-shaped, throat yellow-spotted; shortest anther generally attached perpendicular to corolla tube (except in Saltugilia caruifolia); pollen blue. Fruit: narrowly ovoid, valves separating from top. Seed: 4–many per chamber, tan to golden, gelatinous when wet.
2n=18.
4 species: southern California, Baja California. (Latin: woodland + gilia, after Filippo Luigi Gilii, Italian naturalist, 1756–1821) [Johnson 2007 Novon 17:193–197] Seed germination stimulated by charcoal.

Key to Saltugilia

S. splendens (H. Mason & A.D. Grant) L.A. Johnson SPLENDID WOODLAND-GILIA
NATIVE
Stem: generally 1, 10–100 cm. Inflorescence: distal branches ascending; pedicel 3–20. Flower: calyx 3–4 mm, glabrous or in age so; corolla tube exserted, minutely glandular, red-purple, throat, lobes pink, tips obtuse; stamens attached at corolla sinuses; style exserted generally beyond stamens. Fruit: 4–8 mm, 2 × calyx. Seed: 10–20 per chamber. [Gilia splendens H. Mason & A.D. Grant; Saltugilia grinnellii (Brand) L.A. Johnson, illeg.] [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: Expanded author citations: Gilia splendens Douglas ex H. Mason & A.D. Grant; Saltugilia splendens (Douglas ex H. Mason & A.D. Grant) L.A. Johnson

S. splendens subsp. splendens
NATIVE
Flower: corolla 10–23 mm, tube 4–10 mm, 1–2 × calyx.
Openings in chaparral or forest, rocky soil; 300–2200 m. South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, San Jacinto Mountains. [Gilia splendens subsp. splendens] May–Aug [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Saltugilia splendens subsp. grantii
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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 20 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Saltugilia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=81155, accessed on Sep 20 2014

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Saltugilia splendens subsp. splendens Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.