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LAXMANNIACEAE WIRE-LILY FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal

Perennial herb, ± palm- or tree-like, trunks [0]1–several. Stem: [0] tall, slender, woody [or not], with obvious leaf scars. Leaf: [basal] cauline, alternate, generally crowded near stem tip, sessile or ± narrowed basally, ± clasping. Inflorescence: terminal [axillary], panicles [(racemes), umbels, large cymes, or flowers 1], sessile or ± so. Flower: perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, fused at base; stamens 6, equal [unequal], anthers attached at middle [base]; ovary superior, 3-chambered, style 1, stigma minutely 3-lobed. Fruit: berry [loculicidal or indehiscent capsule].
14–15 genera, 178 species: Australia, Asia, South America. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged etymology: (Laxmannia, the type genus, possibly named for Erik Laxman, 18th century Finnish clergyman, biologist, and traveler in Siberia)

CORDYLINE CABBAGE TREE
Stem: trunks increasing in diam in age. Leaf: long-lived, crowded in tufts of 200+ distally, 30–100 cm, long-linear to narrow-elliptic, narrowed just above base but not petioled. Inflorescence: terminal (but soon made lateral by dominance of axillary shoot), erect or drooping; bracts 3, > panicle, flowers ± sessile, subtended by 3 scale-like bractlets. Flower: small, radial, ± white, perianth tube short; stamens 6, fused to perianth base; ovules several to many. Fruit: dry in age. Seed: black.
± 15 species: Australasia to New Zealand. (Greek: club, from thickened fleshy roots)

C. australis (G. Forst.) Endl. NEW ZEALAND CABBAGE TREE
NATURALIZED
Stem: 1–2[5–15] m. Leaf: 80–100 cm, 2.5–5 cm wide, acute to acuminate, ± flat, stiff. Flower: 6–10 mm wide, fragrant. Fruit: white.
n=19. Disturbed and/or formerly cultivated areas; < 50 m. North Coast, Central Coast, Peninsular Ranges; New Zealand. Apr–Jun {Weed listed by Cal-IPC} [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: A population of several thousand plants reported at Salt Point State Park, Sonoma Co., but they have not flowered so identification unconfirmed. Author citation uncertain.

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 22 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Cordyline, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=80712, accessed on Oct 22 2014

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Cordyline australis Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.