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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Shrub, tree, stellate-[peltate-]hairy. Leaf: simple, alternate, deciduous [evergreen]; stipules 0. Inflorescence: panicle, raceme, cyme, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, radial, generally showy, fragrant; sepals fused, calyx [(0)]5(9)-toothed, persistent; petals (4)5(10), fused below; stamens generally 2 × petal number, fused to corolla tube, in 1 series, anthers oblong, 2-chambered, longitudinally dehiscent, yellow; ovary ± superior [to inferior], septa 3, style 1, thread-like, stigma dot-like or minutely lobed. Fruit: capsule [indehiscent (nut-like, winged or not) or drupe]. Seed: 1(3)[4–50+].
11 genera, ± 160 species: United States to South America; also Mediterranean, eastern Asia; some cultivated as ornamental (Styrax, Halesia). —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Buds superposed, naked. Inflorescence: generally raceme, drooping. Flower: calyx minutely [(0)]5(9)-toothed; corolla lobes 5(10); stamens 10(16), filaments generally fused at base; ovary ± superior. Fruit: 3-valved, partly dehiscent capsule [indehiscent (nut-like) or drupe], ± spheric.
± 130 species: range of family; some bark resins medicinal. (Greek: name of Theophrastus for plant providing gum storax) [Fritsch 2001 Molec Phylogen Evol 19:387–408]
Unabridged references: [Fritsch 1996 Aliso 14:205–218; Fritsch 1999 Syst Bot 24:356–378; Fritsch 2001 Molec Phylogen Evol 19(3)387–408]
Shrub 1–4 m. Leaf: petiole 3–14 mm; blade 2–8 cm, ovate to ± round or obovate, entire. Inflorescence: 2–5 cm, 1–6-flowered, terminal on branchlets; pedicel 4–9 mm. Flower: calyx teeth 6–9, unequal; corolla 12–26 mm, 5–10-lobed, bell-shaped, white; filaments white, anthers 4–6 mm. Fruit: 11–15 mm. Seed: 10–12 mm, spheric-ovoid, light brown, smooth.
Uncommon. Dry places in chaparral, woodland; generally < 1500 m. High North Coast Ranges, Inner North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Outer South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges. [Styrax officinalis L. var. californicus (Torr.) Rehder; Styrax officinalis L. var. fulvescens (Eastw.) Munz & I.M. Johnst.; Styrax officinalis L. var. redivivus (Torr.) R.A. Howard] Leaf blade, calyx hair density increases northern to southern California. Apr–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Styrax
Next taxon: Tamaricaceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 20 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Styrax, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=80616, accessed on Apr 20 2014
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Gladys Lucille Smith © 1999 California Academy of Sciences
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