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Key to families | Table of families and genera
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[Perennial herb], subshrub to tree; hairs often stellate or glandular. Leaf: generally opposite, simple or compound, generally toothed; stipules generally 0. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx teeth or lobes 5; corolla small, radial, rotate, lobes [3–4]5; stamens 5, epipetalous; ovary ± inferior, chambers 1 or 3–5, 1-ovuled; styles ± 0 or 3–5. Fruit: drupe.
5 genera, 200 species: especially northern temperate, also South America, southeastern Asia, tropical Africa. [Backlund & Bremer 1997 Plant Syst Evol 207:225–254] Incl in Caprifoliaceae in TJM (1993), and possibly in future. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged note: Incl in Caprifoliaceae in TJM (1993), and possibly in future according to the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/Research/APweb/welcome.html), which states, in part, "The whole lot might usefully be combined in a Caprifoliaceae s.l. (see also APG 2003), since similarities between the families are considerable and differences are mostly slight."
Key to Adoxaceae
Generally shrub to small tree, deciduous; main trunk generally 0. Stem: pith large, spongy. Leaf: 1(2)-odd-pinnately compound; leaflets serrate. Inflorescence: panicle of cymes, terminal, generally ± dome-shaped. Flower: ovary chambers 3–5, ovules pendent; style ± 0, stigma lobes 3–5. Fruit: drupe, berry-like. Seed: 3–5.Key to Sambucus
20 species: temperate, subtropics some cultivated as ornamental. (Greek: for stringed instrument made from wood of genus) Toxic in quantity (except cooked fruits). [Bolli 1994 Diss Bot 223:1–256]
Plant 2–8 m, generally as wide as tall. Leaf: leaflets 3–9, 3–20 cm, elliptic to ovate, glabrous to hairy, axis often bowed, base often asymmetric, tip acute to acuminate. Inflorescence: 4–33 cm diam, ± flat-topped; central axis generally not dominant. Flower: petals ± spreading. Fruit: ± black, densely white glaucous (appearing ± blue).
2n=36. Common. Streambanks, open places in forest; < 3000 m. California Floristic Province, Great Basin Floristic Province, Desert Mountains; to British Columbia, Utah, New Mexico. [Sambucus mexicana DC., misappl.] Variable, in need of study. Mar–Sep [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Sambucus mexicana C. Presl ex DC., misappl.]
Previous taxon: Sambucus
Next taxon: Sambucus racemosa
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 10 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Sambucus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=80587, accessed on Mar 10 2014
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|Sambucus nigra subsp. caerulea|
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© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
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