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GERANIACEAE GERANIUM FAMILY

Carlos Aedo, except as noted

Annual, perennial herb, or ± woody, generally glandular-hairy. Leaf: simple to compound, basal and cauline; cauline alternate or opposite, stipules 2, ± on stem. Inflorescence: cyme or pseudo-umbel or 1–2-flowered. Flower: bisexual [unisexual], radial or ± bilateral; sepals 5, free, overlapping in bud; petals generally 5, free, generally with nectar glands at base; stamens generally 5,10[15]; staminodes scale-like or 0; ovary generally 5-lobed, upper part elongating into beak in fruit, chambers 5, placentas axile, style 1, stigmas 5, free, persistent in fruit. Fruit: septicidal [loculicidal], mericarps 5, dry, generally 1-seeded, each persistent on 1 of 5 linear segments of beak that separate from central column by curving or coiling upward.
6 genera, ± 750 species: temperate, ± tropics. Some cultivated for ornamental, perfume oils. [Bakker et al. 2006 Taxon 55:887–896] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Bakker, F. T., Breman, F., & Merckx, V. 2006. DNA sequence evolution in fast-evolving mitochondrial DNA nad1 exons in Geraniaceae and Plantaginaceae. Taxon 55: 887–896; Price & Palmer 1993 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 80:661–671]

Key to Geraniaceae

CALIFORNIA CALIFORNIA FILAREE

Marisa Alarcón, Carlos Aedo & Carmen Navarro


1 sp.: California. (Named for the California Floristic Province) [Aldasoro et al. 2002 Anales Jard Bot Madrid 59:209–216] Segregated from Erodium on morphological, molecular data.

C. macrophylla (Hook. & Arn.) J.J. Aldasoro et al. ROUND-LEAVED FILAREE
NATIVE
Annual, biennial, generally scapose. Stem: < 5 cm, glandular-puberulent. Leaf: simple, 10–15 cm, cauline opposite; blade << petiole, reniform, crenate to shallowly lobed, puberulent, base cordate to truncate. Inflorescence: umbel. Flower: radial; sepals 8–10 mm, tips glabrous to puberulent; petals > sepals, generally white, tinged red to purple; stamens 5, free, staminodes 0. Fruit: mericarp body 8–10 mm, indehiscent, fusiform, 1-seeded, glandular-puberulent, base sharply pointed, top truncate, generally with 1 ± round pit on each side of beak segment, pits not subtended by ridges; style column 3–5 cm, persistent on fruit; beak segments stiffly hairy adaxially, generally twisted.
2n=64. Open sites, grassland, scrub; < 1200 m. Inner North Coast Ranges, s Sierra Nevada Foothills, Great Central Valley, Central Western California, South Coast, Channel Islands (Santa Cruz, Santa Catalina islands), Western Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges; to northern Mexico. [Erodium macrophyllum Hook. & Arn.; Erodium macrophyllum Hook. & Arn. var. californicum (Greene) Jeps.] Mar–Jul [Online Interchange] {CNPS list}
Unabridged note: Expanded author citation: California macrophylla (Hook. & Arn.) J.J. Aldasoro, C. Navarro, P. Vargas, L. Sáez & C. Aedo

Previous taxon: California
Next taxon: Erodium

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 24 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. California, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=80427, accessed on Apr 24 2014

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Bioregions in which California macrophylla occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.