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Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1–many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). [Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55–91] Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Polemoniaceae
Annual, perennial herb. Stem: generally erect, generally branched from base. Leaf: cauline, alternate or opposite, entire or lobes 3–9, pinnate or palmate, linear to narrow-lanceolate or spoon-shaped. Inflorescence: open or dense clusters or cyme or flower 1; bracts leaf-like; flowers sessile or not. Flower: corolla funnel-shaped, salverform, or bell-shaped; stamens attached at 1 level, included or exserted, pollen yellow. Fruit: capsule, valves 3(4). Seed: generally many, when wet gelatinous to not.Key to Linanthus
24 species: western North America. (Greek: flax flower) [Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55–91] Other taxa in TJM (1993) moved to Leptosiphon.
Stem: 3–12 cm; branches spreading, glandular-hairy. Leaf: basal few, rosette 0; lower cauline narrowly oblanceolate, entire or 3–7-toothed, hairs white, jointed; upper cauline spreading or recurved, entire, gland-dotted. Inflorescence: flowers 2 per stem; pedicel 3–11 mm, thread-like, glandular. Flower: calyx lobes acuminate, membrane ± = but not connecting lobes; corolla 7–9 mm, 2–3 × calyx, bell-shaped, yellow with white lobes, 2 brown-purple or yellow marks ± below lobes, tube = 1 mm, throat > lobes; stamens attached near base of tube, unequal in length, included; style included. Fruit: 2–3 mm, < calyx. Seed: 7–8 per chamber, gelatinous when wet.
2n=18. Open, sandy flats; 900–2100 m. East of Sierra Nevada; Nevada. [Gilia campanulata A. Gray] May–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Linanthus californicus
Next taxon: Linanthus concinnus
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 20 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Linanthus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=80358, accessed on Apr 20 2014
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