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Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1–many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). [Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55–91] Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Polemoniaceae
Annual, perennial herb. Stem: generally erect, generally branched from base. Leaf: cauline, alternate or opposite, entire or lobes 3–9, pinnate or palmate, linear to narrow-lanceolate or spoon-shaped. Inflorescence: open or dense clusters or cyme or flower 1; bracts leaf-like; flowers sessile or not. Flower: corolla funnel-shaped, salverform, or bell-shaped; stamens attached at 1 level, included or exserted, pollen yellow. Fruit: capsule, valves 3(4). Seed: generally many, when wet gelatinous to not.Key to Linanthus
24 species: western North America. (Greek: flax flower) [Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55–91] Other taxa in TJM (1993) moved to Leptosiphon.
Stem: 3–10 cm, branches spreading, fine-glandular, white-hairy below. Leaf: white-jointed-hairy; basal few, 4–8 mm, oblanceolate to obovate, entire or toothed; cauline 3–6 mm, spreading or recurved, lower entire or toothed, upper entire. Inflorescence: flowers 2 per stem; pedicels spreading, 4–8 mm, thread-like. Flower: calyx 2–4 mm, tube < 1 mm; corolla 4–7 mm, tube, throat yellow, included in calyx, lobes white, obovate, short-pointed; stamens attached near tube base, ± equal, exserted, style ± exserted. Fruit: 2–4 mm. Seed: 10–15 per chamber, generally not gelatinous when wet.
Common. Open, sandy flats in pine forest or sagebrush scrub; 1900–2600 m. s High Sierra Nevada, East of Sierra Nevada; Nevada. [Gilia inyoensis I.M. Johnst.] Apr–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Linanthus filiformis
Next taxon: Linanthus jaegeri
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Aug 1 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Linanthus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=80356, accessed on Aug 1 2014
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© 2006 Christopher L. Christie
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