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Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual, perennial herb, subshrub, [shrub, tree], glabrous or hairy. Stem: often forked. Leaf: opposite, sessile or petioled, pairs generally unequal; blade generally entire. Inflorescence: generally forked; spike, head-like cluster, or umbel, flowers rarely 1, bracts forming a calyx-like involucre or not. Flower: bisexual, generally ± radial (bilateral), sometimes cleistogamous in some genera; perianth of 1 whorl, generally petal-like, bell- to trumpet-shaped, base hardened, tightly surrounding ovary in fruit, lobes 3–5, generally notched to ± lobed; stamens 1–many; ovary superior (appearing inferior due to hardened perianth base), style 1. Fruit: achene in hardened perianth base; round to ± flat; smooth, angled, ribbed, or winged; glabrous, hairy, or glandular.
30 genera, 350 species: warm regions, especially America; some ornamental (Bougainvillea; Mirabilis, four o'clock). [Spellenberg 2003 FNANM 4:14–17] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Nyctaginaceae
Perennial herb, subshrub. Stem: repeatedly forked, decumbent to erect. Leaf: generally petioled. Inflorescence: branches ending in umbel-like cluster or solitary flowers; bracts 5(9), ± fused (or not) into calyx-like, bell- to saucer-shaped involucre; flowers in 1 involucre 1–16, generally not blooming together; flowers cleistogamous or not. Flower: radial or ± bilateral; perianth funnel- to bell-shaped, lobes 5; stamens 3–5, generally exserted; stigma ± spheric, generally exserted. Fruit: ± round to club-shaped; ribs or angles 0, 5, 10; wings 0.Key to Mirabilis
± 60 species: America, Himalayas. (Latin: wonderful) [Spellenberg 2003 FNANM 4:40–57] Flowers open in evening, close in morning; species intergrade, taxonomy unsettled.
Stem: ascending to erect, < 8 dm, broadly forked, clambering or forming clumps, basally woody, [glabrous] scabrous, or glandular-hairy. Leaf: fleshy, hairs 0 or various, often glandular. Inflorescence: involucres in terminal, umbel-like cluster or generally 1 in axils, 3–7 mm, 1(2)-flowered, bracts 5, lobes < tube, ± ovate. Flower: perianth white to magenta, 5–14 mm. Fruit: ovoid, generally dark colored, often spotted, with 10 obscure vertical lines. Mirabilis laevis var. laevis restricted to Mexico. [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Oxybaphus laevis Benth.]
Stem: trailing to ascending, ± woody, ± gray in age, scabrous or ± glandular-hairy towards tips; stems with inflorescences generally unbranched above. Leaf: blade 1–4.5 cm, ovate, puberulent or glandular-hairy (hairs of youngest leaves with conic base). Inflorescence: involucre bell-shaped, 5–8 mm. Flower: perianth 5–14 mm, broadly funnel-shaped, pink to purple-red (white). Fruit: ± 5 mm, ovoid, generally lightly dotted or wrinkled (smooth), glabrous.
Grassy areas, chaparral, dunes, dry rocky areas, washes; < 2500 m. c&s Sierra Nevada Foothills, Tehachapi Mountain Area, Central Coast, South Coast Ranges, Southwestern California, White and Inyo Mountains, w edge Desert; Baja California. [Mirabilis californica A. Gray] Mostly Dec–Jun [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Mirabilis californica A. Gray var. cedrosensis (Standl.) J.F. Macbr.]
Previous taxon: Mirabilis laevis
Next taxon: Mirabilis laevis var. retrorsa
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Feb 1 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Mirabilis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=80351, accessed on Feb 1 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Mirabilis laevis var. crassifolia|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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