Directory       News       Site Map       Home
         
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon

MALVACEAE MALLOW FAMILY

Steven R. Hill, except as noted

Annual to tree; generally with stellate hairs, often with bristles or peltate scales; juice generally mucilage-like; bark fibrous. Leaf: generally cauline, alternate, petioled, simple [palmate-compound], generally palmate-lobed and/or veined, generally toothed, evergreen or not; stipules persistent or not. Inflorescence: head, spike, raceme, or panicle, in panicle or not (a compound panicle), or flowers >= 1 in leaf axils, or flowers generally 1 opposite a leaf or on a spur; bracts leaf-like or not; bractlets 0 or on flowering stalks, often closely subtending calyx, generally in involucel. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, generally fused at base, abutting in bud, larger in fruit or not, nectaries as tufts of glandular hairs at base; petals (0)5, free from each other but generally fused at base to, falling with filament tube, clawed or not; stamens 5–many, filaments fused for most of length into tube around style, staminodes 5, alternate stamens, or generally 0; pistil 1, ovary superior, stalked or generally not, chambers generally >= 5, styles or style branches, stigmas generally 1 or 1–2 × chamber number. Fruit: loculicidal capsule, [berry], or 5–many, disk- or wedge-shaped segments (= mericarps).
266 genera, 4025 species: worldwide, especially warm regions; some cultivated (e.g., Abelmoschus okra; Alcea hollyhock; Gossypium cotton; Hibiscus hibiscus). [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553] Recently treated to include Bombacaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae. Mature fruit needed for identification; "outer edges" are surfaces between sides and back (abaxial surface) of segment. "Flower stalk" used instead of "pedicel," "peduncle," especially where both needed (i.e., when flowers both 1 in leaf axils and otherwise). —Scientific Editors: Steven R. Hill, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Alverson et al. 1999 Amer J Bot 86:1474–1486; Bayer et al. 1999 Bot J Linn Soc 129:267–303; Hill 2009 Madroño 56:104–111]

Key to Malvaceae

ANISODONTEA
(Annual) subshrub [perennial herb, shrub]. Stem: generally 0.5–3 m, erect, leafy, generally branched, generally stellate-bristly. Leaf: blade ± palmate- (ternate-)3–5–lobed. Inflorescence: raceme or flowers 1 in leaf axils; flowering stalks sometimes jointed ± 1 cm below flower; bractlets 3, free or fused basally, <= sepals. Flower: showy, pink, rose, or white generally with dark basal nerves or magenta spot; anthers on upper 1/3 of filament tube; stigma head-like. Fruit: segments 5–26, 3–9 mm, falling from fruit axis, ± 2-chambered, indehiscent or ± dehiscent, 1-seeded, or dehiscent, 2–6 seeded.
20 species: southern Africa. (Greek: unequal toothed, for leaves)
Unabridged etymology: (Greek: aniso - unequal and odon - toothed; referring to the irregularly toothed leaves)
Unabridged references: [Bates 1969 Gentes Herb 10:39–46]

A. capensis (L.) D.M. Bates CAPE MALLOW
GARDEN AND URBAN WEED
Plant 0.5–2 m, generally < 1 m wide, evergreen. Stem: erect, stellate-hairy, bristly. Leaf: blade generally 2–6 cm, rough-veined, truncate, ovate, 3–lobed, serrate to crenate-dentate, tip 3-toothed. Flower: 10–15 mm, 10 mm diam; petals not overlapped, pale pink with dark veins toward base; filaments pink, anthers black; styles red. Fruit: 5–6 mm diam, ± yellow-hairy; segments 9–12(16), 1-seeded, upper chamber empty.
2n=44. Disturbed, generally urban places; especially < 100 m. Outer North Coast Ranges, Sacramento Valley, expected elsewhere; native to South Africa. Increasingly cultivated as ornamental; occasional weed in gardens, urban places, not fully naturalized, not qualifying as waif. Cult plants may be hybrids; plants with 2-seeded fruit segments may be Anisodontea elegans (Cav.) D.M. Bates, Anisodontea julii (DC.) D.M. Bates, or Anisodontea ×hypomadara (Sprague) D.M. Bates. Jun–Aug

Previous taxon: Anisodontea
Next taxon: Anoda

Contact/Feedback

Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 30 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Anisodontea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=80280, accessed on Jul 30 2014

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.


Bioregions in which Anisodontea capensis occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
View elevation by latitude chart Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

 

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.