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Steven R. Hill, except as noted

Annual to tree; generally with stellate hairs, often with bristles or peltate scales; juice generally mucilage-like; bark fibrous. Leaf: generally cauline, alternate, petioled, simple [palmate-compound], generally palmate-lobed and/or veined, generally toothed, evergreen or not; stipules persistent or not. Inflorescence: head, spike, raceme, or panicle, in panicle or not (a compound panicle), or flowers >= 1 in leaf axils, or flowers generally 1 opposite a leaf or on a spur; bracts leaf-like or not; bractlets 0 or on flowering stalks, often closely subtending calyx, generally in involucel. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals 5, generally fused at base, abutting in bud, larger in fruit or not, nectaries as tufts of glandular hairs at base; petals (0)5, free from each other but generally fused at base to, falling with filament tube, clawed or not; stamens 5–many, filaments fused for most of length into tube around style, staminodes 5, alternate stamens, or generally 0; pistil 1, ovary superior, stalked or generally not, chambers generally >= 5, styles or style branches, stigmas generally 1 or 1–2 × chamber number. Fruit: loculicidal capsule, [berry], or 5–many, disk- or wedge-shaped segments (= mericarps).
266 genera, 4025 species: worldwide, especially warm regions; some cultivated (e.g., Abelmoschus okra; Alcea hollyhock; Gossypium cotton; Hibiscus hibiscus). [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553] Recently treated to include Bombacaceae, Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae. Mature fruit needed for identification; "outer edges" are surfaces between sides and back (abaxial surface) of segment. "Flower stalk" used instead of "pedicel," "peduncle," especially where both needed (i.e., when flowers both 1 in leaf axils and otherwise). —Scientific Editors: Steven R. Hill, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Alverson et al. 1999 Amer J Bot 86:1474–1486; Bayer et al. 1999 Bot J Linn Soc 129:267–303; Hill 2009 Madroño 56:104–111]

Key to Malvaceae

(Annual) subshrub [perennial herb, shrub]. Stem: generally 0.5–3 m, erect, leafy, generally branched, generally stellate-bristly. Leaf: blade ± palmate- (ternate-)3–5–lobed. Inflorescence: raceme or flowers 1 in leaf axils; flowering stalks sometimes jointed ± 1 cm below flower; bractlets 3, free or fused basally, <= sepals. Flower: showy, pink, rose, or white generally with dark basal nerves or magenta spot; anthers on upper 1/3 of filament tube; stigma head-like. Fruit: segments 5–26, 3–9 mm, falling from fruit axis, ± 2-chambered, indehiscent or ± dehiscent, 1-seeded, or dehiscent, 2–6 seeded.
20 species: southern Africa. (Greek: unequal toothed, for leaves)
Unabridged etymology: (Greek: aniso - unequal and odon - toothed; referring to the irregularly toothed leaves)
Unabridged references: [Bates 1969 Gentes Herb 10:39–46]

A. capensis (L.) D.M. Bates CAPE MALLOW
Plant 0.5–2 m, generally < 1 m wide, evergreen. Stem: erect, stellate-hairy, bristly. Leaf: blade generally 2–6 cm, rough-veined, truncate, ovate, 3–lobed, serrate to crenate-dentate, tip 3-toothed. Flower: 10–15 mm, 10 mm diam; petals not overlapped, pale pink with dark veins toward base; filaments pink, anthers black; styles red. Fruit: 5–6 mm diam, ± yellow-hairy; segments 9–12(16), 1-seeded, upper chamber empty.
2n=44. Disturbed, generally urban places; especially < 100 m. Outer North Coast Ranges, Sacramento Valley, expected elsewhere; native to South Africa. [Malvastrum capense (L.) A. Gray & Harvey] Increasingly cultivated as ornamental; occasional weed in gardens, urban places, not fully naturalized, not qualifying as waif. Cult plants may be hybrids; plants with 2-seeded fruit segments may be Anisodontea elegans (Cav.) D.M. Bates, Anisodontea julii (DC.) D.M. Bates, or Anisodontea ×hypomadara (Sprague) D.M. Bates. Jun–Aug

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 28 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Anisodontea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 28 2015

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Anisodontea capensis Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.