Directory       News       Site Map       Home
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon


Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted

Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often ± connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1–many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, ± free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2–3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely ± dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). [Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:3–215] Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5–8. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Caryophyllaceae

Perennial herb, sprawling to erect, rhizomed. Leaf: blade linear to ± lanceolate or elliptic; vein 1. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary; flowers 1–many. Flower: hypanthium 0; sepals 5, free, 3–7 mm, lanceolate to ± ovate, glandular-hairy or glabrous, margin scarious; petals 5, 5–9.5 mm, 2-lobed < 1/5 to base; stamens on ovary base; styles 3, 2–4.5 mm. Fruit: capsule, spheric; valves 3, ± 2–3 × recoiled. Seed: 1–2, red-brown to brown.
21 species: western United States, Europe, central and eastern Asia. (Latin: false Stellaria) [Hartman & Rabeler 2005 FNANM 5:114–116]
Unabridged references: [Weber & Hartman 1979 Phytologia 44:313–314; Rabeler & Hartman 2002 Novon 12:82–86]

Key to Pseudostellaria

P. sierrae Rabeler & R.L. Hartm. SIERRA STARWORT
Plant 9–27 cm, glabrous; rhizomes with ± vertical, fleshy roots enlarged toward tips. Stem: simple or branched, ascending to erect, round (angled or grooved when pressed). Leaf: 7–35 mm, ± equal throughout, thick; margin ± smooth. Inflorescence: pedicels in fruit abruptly bent downward near upper end. Seed: 3–3.4 mm.
Meadows, dry understory of mixed oak or conifer forest; 1400–2000 m. n&c High Sierra Nevada. First collected 1878; named, described 2002. Summer [Online Interchange] {CNPS list}

Previous taxon: Pseudostellaria jamesiana
Next taxon: Sagina


Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 28 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Pseudostellaria, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 28 2015

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.

click for enlargement Pseudostellaria sierrae
See CalPhotos for additional images
2008 Sierra Pacific Industries

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Pseudostellaria sierrae Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records


CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.