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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual, perennial herb, glandular-hairy, generally strongly scented. Leaf: simple, opposite or alternate; stipules 0; petiole long. Inflorescence: raceme, terminal, bracted; bractlets 2, just below flower. Flower: bisexual; sepals 5, ± unequal; corolla 2-lipped, generally 5-lobed; stamens epipetalous, generally 2 long, 2 short, 1 vestigial; ovary superior, 1-chambered, placentas 2, parietal, 2-lobed, style > ovary, curved, stigma 2-lobed, flat, generally closing when touched. Fruit: capsule, drupe-like; outer layer fleshy, deciduous; inner layer ultimately exposed, woody, tip incurved, splitting to form 2 claws.
4 genera, 16 species: generally ± tropical America; some cultivated. [Wagstaff & Olmstead 1997 Syst Bot 22:165–179] No evidence that insects stuck to glands are digested. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II 2003 Bot J Linn Soc 141:399–436; Hevly 1969 Taxon 18:527–534; Bretting & Nilsson 1988 Syst Bot 13:51–59]
Previous taxon: Sphaeralcea rusbyi var. eremicola
Next taxon: Proboscidea
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 13 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Martyniaceae, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=79174, accessed on Oct 13 2015
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