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Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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David J. Keil, except as noted

Annual to tree. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, alternate, opposite, rarely whorled, simple to 2+ × compound. Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, resembling a flower, of several types (see below), 1–many in generally ± cyme-like cluster; each head generally with ± calyx-like involucre of 1–many series of phyllaries (involucre bracts); receptacle of head flat to conic or columnar, paleate (bearing paleae = receptacle bracts) or epaleate; flowers 1–many per head. Flower: bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types (see below); calyx 0 or modified into ± persistent pappus of bristles, scales, and/or awns; corolla radial or bilateral (0), lobes generally (0)3–5; stamens 4–5, filaments generally free, generally fused to corolla at tube/throat junction, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, anther base generally rounded or cordate (deeply sagittate or with tail-like appendages), tip (= flattened appendage) generally projecting beyond pollen sac; pistil 1, 2-carpeled, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, placenta basal, style 1, tip generally ± 2-branched (except in some staminate disk flowers), branch tips truncate or generally bearing ± brush-like appendages; stigmas 2, generally on adaxial faces of style branches. Fruit: achene (also called a cypsela) (drupe in Chrysanthemoides), cylindric to ovoid, sometimes compressed, generally deciduous with pappus attached.
± 1500 genera, 23000 species: worldwide, many habitats. Flower and head types differ in form and sexual condition. A disk flower has a generally radial corolla, with a cylindric tube, expanded throat, and generally 5 lobes. Disk flowers are generally bisexual and fertile but occasionally staminate with reduced ovaries. Discoid heads comprise only disk flowers. A radiant head is a variant of a discoid head, with peripheral disk flower corollas expanded, often bilateral. A ray flower corolla is bilateral, generally with a slender tube and flattened petal-like ray (single lip composed of generally 3 lobes). Ray flowers are generally pistillate or sterile (occasionally lacking styles). Radiate heads have peripheral ray flowers and central disk flowers. Disciform heads superficially resemble discoid heads, with pistillate or sterile flowers that lack rays, together with or separate from disk flowers. A ligulate flower is bisexual, with a bilateral, generally ephemeral corolla and 5-lobed ligule. Liguliflorous heads comprise only ligulate flowers. See glossary p. 31 for illustrations of family characteristics. Echinops sphaerocephalus L., Gaillardia aristata Pursh, Gaillardia pulchella Foug., Hymenothrix loomisii S.F. Blake, Tagetes erecta L., Thelesperma megapotamicum (Spreng.) Kuntze are waifs. Melampodium perfoliatum Kunth, historic urban waif. Ageratum conyzoides L., Guizotia abyssinica (L. f.) Cass., Santolina chamaecyparisus L., orth. var. are rare or uncommon escapes from cultivation. Dyssodia papposa, Ismelia carinata (Schousb.) Sch. Bip. [Chrysanthemum carinatum Schousb.], Mantisalca salmantica (L.) Briq. & Cavill. are historical or extirpated waifs in California. Inula helenium L. not documented in California. Taxa of Aster in TJM (1993) treated here in Almutaster, Eucephalus, Eurybia, Ionactis, Oreostemma, Sericocarpus, Symphyotrichum; Chamomilla in Matricaria; Cnicus in Centaurea; Conyza in Erigeron and Laennecia; Dugaldia in Hymenoxys; Erechtites in Senecio; Hymenoclea in Ambrosia; Lembertia in Monolopia; Osteospermum ecklonis in Dimorphotheca; Picris echioides in Helminthotheca; Prionopsis in Grindelia; Raillardiopsis in Anisocarpus and Carlquistia; Schkuhria multiflora in Bahia; Trimorpha in Erigeron; Venidium in Arctotis; Whitneya in Arnica. Taxa of Arida in TJM2 (2012) treated here in Leucosyris. —Scientific Editors: David J. Keil, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged note: Largest family of vascular plants in California and of eudicots globally.

Key to Asteraceae


Bruce G. Baldwin

Annual [perennial herb] or subshrub to shrub, 4–120(150) cm, generally aromatic. Stem: generally ± erect, generally ± solid. Leaf: proximal in basal rosette or opposite (generally not persistent), most alternate, sessile, linear to lanceolate or oblanceolate, proximal generally pinnately lobed to serrate, distal generally entire, hairy, often glandular. Inflorescence: heads radiate, generally in flat-topped or ± panicle-like clusters or in tight groups; involucre bell- or urn-shaped, hemispheric, or ± obconic, 2–13+ mm diam; phyllaries 3–35 in 1 series, ± linear to lanceolate or oblanceolate, each generally 1/2 enclosing a ray ovary, falling with fruit, ± hairy and sessile- or stalked-glandular; receptacle flat to convex, glabrous or minutely bristly; paleae in 1 series between ray and disk flowers in annual or in 2–3+ series or subtending all or most disk flowers in shrubs, fused or free, phyllary-like, more scarious. Ray flower: 3–35; corolla deep or pale yellow. Disk flower: 3–70, generally staminate, sometimes bisexual; corolla yellow, tube <= throat, lobes deltate; anthers generally ± red to dark purple or yellow to brown, tips lance-ovate to deltate; style glabrous proximal to branches, tips awl-shaped, densely bristly. Fruit: ray nearly round in ×-section (except ± flattened adaxially) or ± 3-angled (abaxially generally ± widely 2-faced, adaxially ± flattened to slightly bulging), generally ± arched, glabrous, tip ± beaked, beak offset adaxially, ascending, pappus 0; disk fruit generally 0, disk pappus generally of 1–15 generally linear to lanceolate, entire or fringed to deeply cut scales, sometimes 0 or crown-like.
21 species: California, western Arizona, northern Baja California. (Greek: fierce man, probably for name it replaced, Hartmannia DC., meaning "stag man," stags being fiercely territorial) [Baldwin & Strother 2006 FNANM 21:280–286; Baldwin 2007 Amer J Bot 94:237–248] Self-sterile except Deinandra arida and Deinandra mohavensis.
Unabridged disk flower: anther bases cordate-sagittate to sagittate.
Unabridged references: [Carlquist et al. 2003 Tarweeds and silverswords: evolution of the Madiinae (Asteraceae)]

Key to Deinandra

D. lobbii (Greene) Greene
Annual 0.5–7 dm. Leaf: proximal pinnately lobed to toothed, bristly and coarse-hairy, sometimes sessile- or short-stalked-glandular. Inflorescence: heads in panicle-like clusters, bracts subtending head overlapping proximal 0–1/2 of involucre or not; phyllaries ± evenly sessile- or short-stalked-glandular, ± hairy, glandless hairs swollen-based, at least on midribs; paleae in 1 series. Ray flower: 3(4); corolla deep yellow, ray 3–5 mm. Disk flower: 3(4), all or mostly staminate; anthers ± red to dark purple; pappus of (4)6–8(12), square or oblong to lance-linear, fringed scales 0.5–1 mm.
2n=22. Grassland, open woodland, sagebrush scrub, disturbed areas; < 700(1800) m. High Cascade Range, nw San Joaquin Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, n South Coast Ranges, Modoc Plateau (except Warner Mountains). [Hemizonia lobbii Greene] May–Dec [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Deinandra, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Deinandra lobbii Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.