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RUSCACEAE BUTCHER'S-BROOM FAMILY

Dale W. McNeal, except as noted

Perennial herb to shrub, rhizomed or not. Stem: leafy or scapose. Leaf: 2–15, basal or cauline, cauline clasping or sheathing, petioled [or reduced to scales, with short branches flattened, green, appearing leaf-like]. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary, panicle or raceme. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, generally white (± pink); perianth parts 4 or 6, fused or not, erect, nodding or pendent; stamens (4)6, ± fused to perianth, anthers attached near base; ovary superior, chambers 2–3, style 1, stigma ± 3-lobed. Fruit: berry, spheric, red, orange-red, or blue-black, or capsule, papery. Seed: 1–12.
26 genera, 475 species: northern hemisphere, South Africa, northern Australia; species in several genera cultivated as ornamental, house plants. Smilacina moved to Maianthemum. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Ruscaceae

NOLINA BEARGRASS

Dale W. McNeal & James C. Dice

Stem: thick, woody or ± below ground. Leaf: rosettes 6–20 dm, stiff, sword-like, base much expanded, white, fleshy. Inflorescence: panicle or raceme-like, scapose, bracted, < 4 m. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, < 6 mm, ± white; stamens 6, filaments slender; pistil reduced in staminate flowers, pistillate flowers with staminodes; ovary superior, 3-chambered, style and 3 stigmas short, ovules 2 per chamber. Fruit: capsule, papery. Seed: 1–3 per fruit, ovoid.
± 30 species: southern United States, Mexico. (P.C. Nolin, French agriculturist, b. 1717) [Hess 2003 FNANM 26:415–421] Leaf widths taken just above expanded leaf base.
Unabridged references: [Munz & Roos 1950 Aliso 2:217–238]

Key to Nolina

N. cismontana Dice CHAPARRAL NOLINA
NATIVE
Stem: generally < 3(15) dm, above ground, erect. Leaf: 30–90 per rosette, 12–30 mm wide, occasionally glaucous, base 3–8.5 cm wide, margin minute-serrate. Inflorescence: 0.9–1.8 m; scape 14–35 mm diam at base; bracts persistent. Seed: 3–4 mm, red-brown.
n=19. Dry chaparral of coastal mtns; 200–1300 m. South Coast, Western Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges. Undescribed sp. under Nolina parryi in TJM (1993). May–Jul [Online Interchange] {CNPS list}

Previous taxon: Nolina bigelovii
Next taxon: Nolina interrata

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 20 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Nolina, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77595, accessed on Sep 20 2014

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click for enlargement Nolina cismontana
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2005 Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Nolina cismontana Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.