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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub.
Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed.
Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1.
Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [( drupe)], 2–5-chambered.
75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropics; many alien weeds in CA; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC. [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum. Koeltz Scientific Books] Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum: The Genera of Solanaceae Illustrated, Arranged According to a New System by A.T. Hunziker. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany]
Key to Solanaceae
Annual to small tree.Key to Nicotiana
Leaf: ± basal or not; margin entire, ± wavy or not.
Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, terminal; lower bracts leaf-like.
Flower: calyx 5-lobed, ± enlarging, not fully enclosing fruit; corolla generally radial, generally funnel-shaped to salverform; stamens 5, equal or 1 smaller.
Fruit: septicidal capsule.
Seed: many, minute, angled.
± 60 species: generally Am; Nicotiana tabacum L. widely cultivated, tobacco of commerce. (J. Nicot, said to have introduced tobacco to Eur, 1530–1600) Seriously TOXIC to livestock.
Unabridged references: [Goodspeed 1954 Chron Bot 16:1–536]
Perennial+ 2–8 dm, glandular-hairy, base often ± woody.
Leaf: 2–10 cm; lower short-petioled, (ob) ovate; upper ± narrowly ovate, clasping.
Inflorescence: bracts < 20 mm, linear to lanceolate.
Flower: calyx 10–15 mm, lobes ± = tube, ± equal, narrowly triangular; corolla ± funnel-shaped, green-white or dull white, tube + throat 15–26 mm, limb 8–10 mm wide; stamens unequal, attached near tube base.
Fruit: 8–10 mm.
Gravelly or rocky washes, slopes; < 1600 m. s East of Sierra Nevada, Desert;
Previous taxon: Nicotiana glauca
Next taxon: Nicotiana quadrivalvis
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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