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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2–5-chambered.
75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC. [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum. Koeltz Scientific Books] Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum: The Genera of Solanaceae Illustrated, Arranged According to a New System by A.T. Hunziker. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany]
Key to Solanaceae
Annual or perennial herb, sticky-glandular, aromatic. Leaf: ± odd-1–2-pinnate. Inflorescence: raceme; pedicels jointed. Flower: often nodding; parts generally 5; sepals free ± to base; corolla yellow, ± rotate or lobes reflexed; anthers > filaments, tube-like around style, tapered, opening by slits from tip (except sterile part); stigma exserted from anthers. Fruit: berry, green to red, fleshy. Seed: coat gelatinous.Key to Lycopersicon
± 6 species: western South America, Central America. (Greek: wolf peach, from supposed toxic properties) [Peralta et al. 2008 Syst Bot Monogr 84:1–186] Recently included in Solanum.
Unabridged references: [Muller 1940 USDA Misc Publ 382; Peralta, I. E., D.M. Spooner & S. Knapp. 2008. Taxonomy of wild tomatoes and their relatives (Solanum sect. Lycopersicoides, sect. Juglandifolia, sect. Lycopersicon: Solanaceae). Syst Bot Monographs 84: 1–186]
Spreading to reclining from thick taproot. Leaf: 5–12 cm. Inflorescence: few- to many-flowered; peduncle 3–15 cm; bracts leaf-like, simple. Fruit: 1.5 cm wide, spheric, green.
Disturbed sites; < 100 m. s South Coast; native to South America. [Solanum peruvianum L.] Summer–fall [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Lycopersicon esculentum
Next taxon: Nicandra
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 19 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Lycopersicon, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77304, accessed on Apr 19 2014
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