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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1–2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, appendages 0 or 5 at top of tube, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1–4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
± 120 genera, ± 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum). Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. [Olmstead et al. 2000 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. —Scientific Editors: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Key to Boraginaceae
Annual to perennial herb, glabrous to rough-hairy; roots generally fibrous. Stem: decumbent to erect. Leaf: basal generally oblong or oblanceolate; cauline generally linear to elliptic. Inflorescence: generally raceme-like cymes, coiled, in age ± open; bracts 0 (leaf-like). Flower: calyx lobes 5, tube hairs appressed to spreading, hooked at tip or not; corolla salverform or wide-funnel-shaped, generally blue, white, or yellow, appendages prominent or not; stamens included; style generally included. Fruit: nutlets generally 4, ± lens-shaped, smooth, shiny, each with raised outer margin, attachment scar adaxially, at base, small.Key to Myosotis
50 species: temperate, boreal. (Greek: mouse ear, from leaf) Myosotis arvensis (L.) Hill reported from Orange Co., 1938, not persisting.
Unabridged references: [Grau 1964 Osterr Bot Zeitschr 111:561–617]
Annual or winter annual. Stem: < 2 dm, branches 0 or from near base; ± puberulent or rough-hairy. Leaf: generally < 2 cm, 7 mm wide, abaxial hairs hooked, especially on midrib; basal oblanceolate or wider; cauline oblong or elliptic. Inflorescence: flowers from near plant base, where 1 per axil; bracts in lower 1/2, leaf-like; pedicel in fruit ascending or ± spreading, << calyx. Flower: calyx 3–5 mm, strigose at least above, tube hairs spreading, hooked at tips; corolla 1–2 mm diam, wide-funnel-shaped, deep blue, appendages minute, ± blue. Fruit: nutlets >> style, brown, occasionally paler.
2n=±36–40. Uncommon. Roadsides, streambanks, disturbed open areas; 500–1650 m. Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, Modoc Plateau; northern United States, southern Canada, native to Eurasia. Apr–Jun [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: Expanded author citation: Myosotis micrantha Pall. ex Lehm.
Previous taxon: Myosotis laxa
Next taxon: Myosotis scorpioides
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 28 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Myosotis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77291, accessed on Jul 28 2014
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