|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1–2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1–4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
± 120 genera, ± 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. [Olmstead et al. 2000 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized. —Scientific Editors: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Key to Boraginaceae
Annual, hairy, taprooted. Stem: ± erect; branches 0–many. Leaf: basal and cauline, sessile, entire. Inflorescence: raceme-like cymes, ± terminal; bracts leaf-like; pedicels erect in fruit. Flower: calyx ± deep-5-lobed, enlarged in fruit; corolla 5-lobed, funnel-shaped, appendages present; style entire. Fruit: nutlets generally 4, ovate, covered with ± long, barbed prickles, scar lateral.Key to Lappula
12–14 species: northern hemisphere, especially Asia. (Latin: little bur)
Stem: 0.5–3.5 dm. Leaf: 1–4 cm, linear to lanceolate. Inflorescence: pedicel 1–2 mm. Flower: calyx 3–3.5 mm in fruit, lobes lanceolate, ± erect in fruit; corolla 1.5–2.5 mm diam, white to occasionally blue. Fruit: nutlet 2–3 mm, marginal prickles in 1 row, bases ± or much wider, generally fused. [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Lappula occidentalis (S. Watson) Greene]
Unabridged note: Lappula redowskii var. cupulata generally in warmer, drier places than Lappula redowskii var. redowskii.
Fruit: nutlet margin prickles much wider at base, fused into swollen crown.
Very dry, open, rocky, often disturbed sites; 600–2200 m. Great Basin Floristic Province, Mojave Desert; western North America. Mar–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Lappula redowskii
Next taxon: Lappula redowskii var. redowskii
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 13 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Lappula, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77288, accessed on Oct 13 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Lappula redowskii var. cupulata|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month