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Key to families | Table of families and genera
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Annual to shrub [vine]. Leaf: simple, generally in basal rosette (cauline), entire or lobed. Inflorescence: raceme, cyme, or panicle (head-like in Armeria), generally scapose. Flower: bisexual, radial, generally small; calyx tubular, generally membranous or partly scarious, lobes 5, persistent; petals 5, ± free to ± fused, clawed, ± intertwined; stamens 5, opposite petals, occasionally epipetalous; ovary superior, generally 5-lobed or -ribbed, chamber and ovule 1, styles 5, occasionally fused. Fruit: utricle, achene, or capsule, ± enclosed in calyx.
27 genera, ± 1000 species: ± worldwide, especially Mediterranean, western and central Asia. [Lledo et al. 1998 Syst Bot 23:21–29] Some cultivated as ornamental (Limonium used as dried flower). —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Plumbaginaceae
(Annual) perennial herb, scapose; rhizome ± woody. Leaf: few to many; basal generally in rosette, oblanceolate to obovate, entire or lobed, generally petioled; cauline generally small, scale-like. Inflorescence: panicle, branched ± at plant base, flowers in sessile, 1–3(5) flowered spike-like clusters, each 3-bracted at base, clusters evenly spaced along branches to crowded at branch tips. Flower: calyx funnel-shaped, base tubular, lobes generally fused, generally 5–10-ribbed, generally pink to blue; petals free, white to yellow or pale violet; styles 5, ± free.Key to Limonium
± 300 species: ± worldwide, generally in saline soils. (Greek: meadow, from habitat of many species) [Karis 2004 Biol J Linn Soc 144:461–482] Many cultivated species; those of Mediterranean origin potentially could escape and naturalize. Limonium arborescens Kuntze, illeg. may have been misappl. to the waif Limonium brassicifolium (Webb & Berthel.) Kuntze.
Unabridged references: [Kunkel & Sunding 1967 Cuad Bot 2:9–18; Pignatti 1972 Flora Europaea 3:38–50; Lledo et al. 2005 Amer J Bot 92: 1189–1198; Smith 2005 FNANM 5:606–611]
Perennial herb, erect, 40–80 cm. Leaf: petiole < to > blade; blade 3–8 cm, 1.5–3 cm wide, obovate to oblong, ± entire, base tapered; deciduous before flower; proximal inflorescence axis leaves sessile, clasping stem, < 3 cm, round. Inflorescence: wings 0; branches slender, most without flowers; clusters 1–2 flowered, in terminal 2–4 cm of branch tips, ± 1-sided; flower bracts ovate, 1–2 mm. Flower: calyx 2–2.5 mm, white; corolla pale blue-violet.
Uncommon; disturbed, coastal areas, salt marshes; < 100 m. San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast; native to western and central Asia. Unabridged synonyms: [Limonium perfoliatum (Boiss.) Kuntze, misappl.]
Sep–Feb [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Limonium duriusculum
Next taxon: Limonium perezii
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 28 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Limonium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77277, accessed on Jul 28 2014
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