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Shrub, tree, spiny. Stem: branched near base [or trunk 1, thick, fleshy]. Leaf: simple, alternate, small, ± fleshy, glabrous, generally produced after rains, of 2 kinds: 1° on long-shoots, subtended by decurrent ridge on stem, blade generally early-deciduous, petiole persisting as spine; 2° clustered on short-shoot in axils of 1°, ± persistent, not spine-forming. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, or panicle, axillary or terminal; flowers many. Flower: sepals 5, unequal, overlapping, ± scarious, persistent; corolla bright red [yellow], tube cylindric, lobes 5, overlapping, spreading; stamens 10–20+, in 1 or ± 2 whorls, filaments free; pistil 1, ovary superior, 3(4)-chambered at base, placenta axile at base, parietal above, ovules ± 3–6 per chamber, style 3(4)-lobed. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: elliptic, angled or winged.
1 genus (including Idria), 11 species: southwestern United States, Mexico. [Schultheis & Baldwin 1999 Amer J Bot 86:578–589] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
(P.E. Fouquier, Parisian medical professor, 1776–1850)
Stem: erect to outwardly arching or ascending, 6–100, 2–10 m, generally < 6 cm diam, cane-like, leafless most of year; bark gray with darker furrows; spines 1–4 cm. Leaf: 1° 1–5 cm, petiole 1–2.5 cm; 2° 2–6 per cluster, 1–2 cm, 4–9 mm wide, petiole 2–8 mm, blade spoon-shaped to obovate, tip rounded to notched. Inflorescence: panicle, generally 10–20 cm, widely to narrowly conic. Flower: corolla 1.8–2.5 cm; filaments each arising from hairy, ± 5 mm sheath. Fruit: ± 2 cm.
2n=24. Dry, generally rocky soils; < 700 m. Sonoran Desert; to Texas, central Mexico, Baja California. Stems used for fences, huts; bark for waxes, gums. Mar–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Fouquieria
Next taxon: Frankeniaceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 21 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Fouquieria, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77256, accessed on Sep 21 2014
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|Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens|
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© 1998 Christopher L. Christie
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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