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Lisa M. Schultheis & William J. Stone

Shrub, tree, spiny. Stem: branched near base [or trunk 1, thick, fleshy]. Leaf: simple, alternate, small, ± fleshy, glabrous, generally produced after rains, of 2 kinds: 1° on long-shoots, subtended by decurrent ridge on stem, blade generally early-deciduous, petiole persisting as spine; 2° clustered on short-shoot in axils of 1°, ± persistent, not spine-forming. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, or panicle, axillary or terminal; flowers many. Flower: sepals 5, unequal, overlapping, ± scarious, persistent; corolla bright red [yellow], tube cylindric, lobes 5, overlapping, spreading; stamens 10–20+, in 1 or ± 2 whorls, filaments free; pistil 1, ovary superior, 3(4)-chambered at base, placenta axile at base, parietal above, ovules ± 3–6 per chamber, style 3(4)-lobed. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: elliptic, angled or winged.
1 genus (including Idria), 11 species: southwestern United States, Mexico. [Schultheis & Baldwin 1999 Amer J Bot 86:578–589] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

(P.E. Fouquier, Parisian medical professor, 1776–1850)

F. splendens Engelm. subsp. splendens OCOTILLO
Stem: erect to outwardly arching or ascending, 6–100, 2–10 m, generally < 6 cm diam, cane-like, leafless most of year; bark gray with darker furrows; spines 1–4 cm. Leaf: 1° 1–5 cm, petiole 1–2.5 cm; 2° 2–6 per cluster, 1–2 cm, 4–9 mm wide, petiole 2–8 mm, blade spoon-shaped to obovate, tip rounded to notched. Inflorescence: panicle, generally 10–20 cm, widely to narrowly conic. Flower: corolla 1.8–2.5 cm; filaments each arising from hairy, ± 5 mm sheath. Fruit: ± 2 cm.
2n=24. Dry, generally rocky soils; < 700 m. Sonoran Desert; to Texas, central Mexico, Baja California. Stems used for fences, huts; bark for waxes, gums. Mar–Jul [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 28 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Fouquieria, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 28 2015

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click for enlargement Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens
See CalPhotos for additional images
1998 Christopher L. Christie

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.