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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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[Perennial] shrub, tree, generally erect, often thorny.
Leaf: simple, generally alternate, often clustered on short- shoots; stipules generally present, occasionally modified into spines; generally petioled; blade pinnate-veined or 1–5-ribbed from base.
Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, umbel, or flowers 1 or clustered in axils or on short- shoots.
Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium subtending, surrounding, or partly fused to ovary; sepals 4–5; petals 0, 4–5, generally clawed; stamens 0, 4–5, alternate sepals, attached to hypanthium top, each generally fitting into a petal concavity; disk (0 or) between stamens, ovary, thin to fleshy, entire or lobed, free from ovary, adherent or fused to hypanthium; ovary superior or ± inferior, chambers 2–4, 1–2-ovuled, style 1, stigma entire or 2–3-lobed.
Fruit: capsule, drupe.
50–52 genera, 950 species: especially tropics, subtrop; some cultivated (Ceanothus; Frangula; Rhamnus; Ziziphus). [Richardson et al. 2000 Amer J Bot 87:1309–1324] —Scientific Editors: Steve Boyd, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Brizicky 1965 J Arnold Arbor 45:439–463; Richardson et al. 2000 Kew Bull 55:311–341]
Key to Rhamnaceae
Tree, shrub [ vine].Key to Ziziphus
Stem: branches alternate, flexible or stiff, ± 2–3-ranked; twigs ± pendent, zigzag.
Leaf: clustered on short- shoots or not, deciduous or not, petioled; stipules ± spine-like or not, unequal; blade elliptic to obovate, ± entire to serrate, 1–5-ribbed from base.
Inflorescence: cyme or small panicle.
Flower: hypanthium surrounding base of ovary; sepals 5; petals 5, < to > sepals; stamens 5; disk thick, ± obscuring ovary in early flower; ovary widely attached at base, chambers 2, each 1-ovuled, stigma 2-lobed.
Fruit: drupe, stone 1.
100 species: generally tropics. (Latin: from Arabic "zizouf", common jujube, Ziziphus zizyphus) [Islam & Simmons 2006 Syst Bot 31:826–842]
Unabridged references: [Johnston 1963 Amer J Bot 50:1020–1027]
Shrub, < 4 m.
Stem: bark gray to brown, smooth; branches pale green-yellow to ± purple; twigs 1.3–3 cm, stiff, spreading, thorn-tipped, with 1 node, 1 short- shoot, glabrous.
Leaf: deciduous, membranous; stipules brown; blade 10–25 mm, elliptic to obovate, dull olive-green, margin ± entire.
Flower: hypanthium 2–2.2 mm wide, purple-green, glabrous; sepals green; petals white; pistil green.
Fruit: dry, 10–25 mm, beaked, brown.
Uncommon. Chaparral; 15–1220 m. South Coast, San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges, Mojave Desert, w edge Sonoran Desert;
Previous taxon: Ziziphus obtusifolia var. canescens
Next taxon: Ziziphus zizyphus
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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