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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Shrub, tree; generally dioecious or flowers bisexual and unisexual; resin clear, often weathering black, generally aromatic, latex milky or 0. Leaf: simple to ternate- or odd-pinnate-compound, alternate, deciduous or evergreen; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle; flowers generally many. Flower: generally unisexual, radial; sepals generally 5, base generally ± fused; petals 5, generally > sepals, free; (perianth parts 1–7 in Pistacia); stamens 4–7 or 10, vestigial in pistillate flowers; ovary superior, vestigial or 0 in staminate flowers, subtended by ± lobed, disk-like nectary, chamber generally 1, ovule generally 1, styles 1–3. Fruit: drupe-like, generally ± flat, sticky or not, hairs short or 0; pulp ± resinous, aromatic or not.
70+ genera, ± 850 species: tropics, warm temperate; some ornamental (Rhus, Schinus), cultivated for fruit (Anacardium, cashew; Mangifera, mango; Pistacia, pistachio). TOXIC: many genera produce contact dermatitis. [Yi et al. 2007 Syst Bot 32:379–391] —Scientific Editors: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Pell 2004 Ph.D. Dissertation, Louisiana State Univ, Baton Rouge; Cronquist et al. 1997 Anacardiaceae In: Intermountain Flora 3A:313–317; Wannan & Quinn 1991 Bot J Linn Soc 107:349–385; Wannan & Quinn 1990 Bot J Linn Soc 103:225–252; Ibe & Leis 1979 Bull Torrey Bot Club 106:140–144; Brizicky 1963 J Arnold Arbor 44:60–80]
Key to Anacardiaceae
Tree; dioecious. Leaf: deciduous; leaflets 7–9, membranous, entire to toothed. Inflorescence: panicle, axillary or terminal, open to dense. Flower: perianth parts generally 1–7, bract-like, unequal, brown-green, ephemeral; stamens 4–7, vestigial in pistillate flowers; styles 3, fused at base, generally 0 in staminate flowers. Fruit: spheric to obovoid, ± purple; pulp fleshy.
± 11 species: Mediterranean, eastern Asia, Texas, Mexico. (Ancient Arabic or Persian name) [Yi et al. 2008 Amer J Bot 95:241–251] Pistacia vera, pistachio, generally with 3 leaflets, widely cultivated for food.
Unabridged references: [Bachelier & Endress 2007 Int J Plant Sci 168:1237–1253; Kafkas 2006 Plant Syst Evol 262:113–124; Katsiotis et al. 2003 Euphytica 132:279–286; Kafkas & Perl-Treves 2002 HortScience 37:168–171; Kafkas & Perl-Treves 2001 Theor Appl Genet 102:908–915; Cronquist et al. 1997 Anacardiaceae In: Intermountain Flora 3A:313–317; Powell 1997 Anacardiaceae In: Trees and Shrubs of the Trans-Pecos and Adjacent Areas 231–238; Zohary 1952 Palestine J Bot 5:187–228]
Unabridged note: Pistacia texana, lentisco, generally with < 21 leaflets, native to Texas, northern Mexico.
Plant 3–10 m. Stem: branches spreading to erect. Leaf: axis winged; leaflet tip acute to obtuse. Fruit: 6–8 mm, ± obovoid.
2n=28. Flats, roadsides, drainages; < 100 m. Sacramento Valley, expected elsewhere; escaped in Utah, Texas; native to Mediterranean, Middle East. Cult for ornamental, escaping; used as rootstock for Pistacia vera L. Feb–Apr [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Pistacia
Next taxon: Rhus
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 9 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Pistacia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77247, accessed on Oct 9 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Pistacia atlantica|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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