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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0–3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0–5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5–many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1–many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1–5. Fruit: 1–many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1–5 stones. Seed: generally 1–5 (per fruit, not per flower).
110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornamental, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. [Potter et al. 2007 Plant Syst Evol 266:5–43] Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis. —Scientific Editors: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303–332, 344–401, 611–662]
Key to Rosaceae
Perennial herb, nonglandular. Leaf: generally ± basal, odd-1-pinnate; leaflets ± evenly toothed to lobed. Inflorescence: dense spike or head; pedicel bractlets 0. Flower: hypanthium ± obconic, bractlets leaf-like to linear; sepals generally 4; petals 0; stamens 2 or 4, opposite sepals; pistils 1(2), ovary superior, continuous to style at top, stigma many-branched, exserted from hypanthium. Fruit: hypanthium ± hardened, encasing elliptic achenes; prickles generally 4–many, generally barbed.Key to Acaena
± 45 species: especially southern hemisphere. (Greek: thorn, from fruit)
Unabridged references: [Webb et al. 1988 Flora of New Zealand Vol 4]
Stem: 10–60 cm, 3–5 mm diam. Leaf: 3–12 cm; stipules 0; leaflets 5–8 per side, 4–15 mm, ± oblanceolate-ovate, pinnately dissected into 3–8 lance-linear segments. Inflorescence: spike, 10–20 mm diam, interrupted below. Flower: sepals 2.5–3.5 mm, lance-elliptic; stamens generally 4, purple-black. Fruit: hypanthium body 4–7 mm, obovate, ± ridged; prickles > 4, ± throughout, longest generally 1–3 mm.
Coastal grassland, open, rocky slopes; 50–400 m. s North Coast, Central Coast, w San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges. Mar–May [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Acaena pallida
Next taxon: Adenostoma
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 1 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Acaena, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77205, accessed on Sep 1 2014
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|Acaena pinnatifida var. californica|
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Gladys Lucille Smith © 1999 California Academy of Sciences
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Acaena pinnatifida var. californica|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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