|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub [(± tree-like or climbing)], fleshy. Leaf: generally simple, alternate or opposite, in dense to open, basal (or terminal) rosettes or basal and cauline, not in rosettes, reduced distally or not, margin often ± red. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted. Flower: generally bisexual; sepals generally 3–5, generally ± free; petals generally 3–5, ± free or fused; stamens >> to = sepals, epipetalous or not; pistils generally 3–5, simple, fused at base or not, ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1–many, style 1. Fruit: follicles, generally 3–5. Seed: 1–many, small.
± 33 genera, ± 1400 species: ± worldwide, especially dry temperate; many cultivated for ornamental. [Eggli (ed.) 2003 Illus Handbook Succulent Plants 6 (Crassulaceae). Springer] Water-stressed plants often ± brown or ± red. Consistent terminology regarding leaves, bracts difficult; in taxa with rosettes (e.g., Aeonium, Dudleya, some Sedum), structures in rosettes are leaves, those on peduncles are bracts, and those subtending flowers are flower bracts; in taxa where inflorescence is terminal, rosette leaves may "become" bracts as stem rapidly elongates to form inflorescence. Seed numbers given per follicle. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Crassulaceae
Shrub. Leaf: opposite, sessile; margin entire. Inflorescence: terminal. Flower: pendent, calyx, corolla circumscissile at base in fruit; sepals 5, ± free; corolla lobes 5, tube > sepals, often > lobes; stamens 10, epipetalous on tube; pistils erect, ± free. Seed: many, elliptic, ridged.
9 species: especially southern Africa; some cultivated for ornamental. (Greek: cavity)
Unabridged references: [Toelken 1985 Fl Plant South Africa 14:3–17]
Plant < 1 m, erect, branched below, glabrous [or not]. Leaf: generally 2–4 pairs, ± clustered near stem tips or not, 5–18 cm, obovate to wedge-shaped, glaucous; tip rounded to obtuse, abruptly pointed. Inflorescence: 10–30-flowered, peduncle 20–40(50) cm, thick, ± bractless; pedicels pendent in flower, erect in fruit. Flower: sepals 2–5 mm; corolla orange to red or pink, tube (15)20–25 mm, cylindric, with hairy ring in proximal 1/4, lobes 10–15 mm, recurved.
2n=18. Coastal bluffs, dunes, or persisting from cultivation; < 100 m. c&s Central Coast, South Coast; native to southern Africa. Highly TOXIC to sheep and goats but rarely eaten. Jun–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Cotyledon
Next taxon: Crassula
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 22 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Cotyledon, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77198, accessed on Sep 22 2014
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga|
See CalPhotos for additional images
Beatrice F. Howitt © 1999 California Academy of Sciences
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month