|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often ± connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1–many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, ± free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2–3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely ± dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). [Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:3–215] Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5–8. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Caryophyllaceae
Annual, biennial, prostrate to erect, taprooted. Leaf: blade needle-like; vein 1. Inflorescence: axillary, dense; flowers 1–5, ± sessile. Flower: hypanthium widely obovate to urn-shaped, abruptly expanded distally, in fruit hard; sepals 5, free, 1.5–4 mm, narrowly triangular to awl-shaped, glabrous, margin thinly scarious; petals 0; stamens 2–10, on hypanthium rim; styles 2. Fruit: utricle, ovoid. Seed: 1.
10 species: Eurasia, Africa, Australia. (Greek: hard flower, from hypanthium in fruit) [Thieret & Rabeler 2005 FNANM 5:149–151]
Stem: prostrate to erect, much-branched, generally 4–20 cm, rigid; hairs ± in lines, fine, recurved. Leaf: 4–20+ mm; sheath scarious, ciliate; tip sharp-pointed. Inflorescence: 3–15 mm diam. Flower: 3–4.2 mm; hypanthium 10-ribbed; sepals narrowly triangular to awl-shaped, erect to spreading; styles ± 0.8–1 mm. Seed: 1.4–1.6 mm, widely ovoid, tan except red crescent near acute tip.
2n=44. Meadows, stream margins, serpentine areas, disturbed areas; 300–1200 m. Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, n Sierra Nevada, c Sierra Nevada Foothills, Peninsular Ranges; to British Columbia, Saskatchewan, eastern North America; native to Europe. All year [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: 7 other subspecies, native to Europe, western Asia, northern Africa.
Previous taxon: Scleranthus
Next taxon: Scopulophila
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 20 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Scleranthus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77174, accessed on Dec 20 2014
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Scleranthus annuus subsp. annuus|
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2005 Steve Matson
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Scleranthus annuus subsp. annuus|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month