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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often ± connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1–many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, ± free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2–3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely ± dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). [Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:3–215] Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5–8. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Caryophyllaceae
Annual, erect, taprooted. Leaf: petioled or not, linear to oblanceolate; vein 1. Inflorescence: terminal, ± open; flowers 1–few; peduncles, pedicels 1–7+ cm. Flower: sepals generally 4, free, 3.8–7 mm, lanceolate, glabrous; petals (0)4, 2.5–6 mm, entire; stamens 4 or 8; styles generally 4, 0.7–1 mm. Fruit: capsule, cylindric, straight in upper 1/2; teeth 8, recurved. Seed: many, red-brown.
3 species: western and central Europe, Mediterranean. (C. Moench, German naturalist, 1744–1805) [Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:93]
Plant glabrous, glaucous. Stem: 2.5–15 cm. Leaf: basal ± petioled, 5–18 mm, ± oblanceolate; cauline sessile, 3–12 mm, linear to lance-linear, ascending, rigid. Flower: sepal veins 3, lateral faint; petals lanceolate, white.
2n=38. Disturbed areas; 200–600 m. n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills, n Central Coast (Marin Co.); to British Columbia, also Illinois, South Carolina; native to southwestern Europe. Spring [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: According to Doreen Smith, observed at Sea Ranch, Sonoma Co., which, if verified, would expand range to include southern North Coast. 1 other var., native to western Mediterranean, introduced in southern Africa, Australia. Expanded author citation: Moenchia erecta (L.) P. Gaertn., B. Mey. & Scherb. subsp. erecta
Previous taxon: Moenchia
Next taxon: Paronychia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 28 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Moenchia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77173, accessed on Jul 28 2014
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