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Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted

Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often ± connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1–many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, ± free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2–3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely ± dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). [Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:3–215] Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5–8. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Caryophyllaceae

Annual to perennial herb, erect, taprooted or rhizomed. Leaf: linear to oblanceolate; vein 1 or lateral 2 less prominent. Inflorescence: terminal; few- to many-flowered, dense, or 1–few-flowered, open; involucre bracts 2–6, linear to ovate; pedicels 0–25 mm. Flower: sepals 5, fused, glabrous to hairy, tube prominent, 1.3–2.2 cm, 1.8–3.3 mm diam, ± cylindric, veins 20–45[60], lobes 3–8 mm, < tube, triangular to lanceolate; petals 5, 13–24 mm, claw long, limb irregularly toothed or divided to narrow segments, unappendaged; stamen bases fused with petal bases to ovary stalk; styles 2, 5–12 mm. Fruit: capsule, ± tubular; stalk 1–4 mm; teeth 4, ascending. Seed: many, black.
320 species: Eurasia, southern Africa. (Greek: divine flower, from beauty or fragrance of flower) [Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:159–162]

Key to Dianthus

D. deltoides L. subsp. deltoides MAIDEN PINK, MEADOW PINK
Perennial herb 18–40 cm; rhizomes slender. Leaf: basal oblanceolate; cauline linear to lance-linear. Inflorescence: flowers 1–few; bracts 1/3–1/2 × calyx tube, ovate, short-tapered; pedicels mostly 5–10+ mm. Flower: calyx 1.3–1.7 cm, hairs 0 to minute adaxially, ribs 25–30, lobes linear to ± triangular; petal limb 4–9 mm, deep pink with darker zigzag band near base. Fruit: stalk ± 3 mm.
2n=30. Wet meadows, disturbed areas; < 2500 m. High Cascade Range, n&s High Sierra Nevada, San Joaquin Valley, Modoc Plateau; Washington, British Columbia, Alberta to Colorado, eastern North America; native to Europe. Early summer [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: 1 other subsp., native to Europe, introduced in eastern Asia.

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Next taxon: Dianthus plumarius subsp. plumarius


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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Dec 1 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Dianthus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Dec 1 2015

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Dianthus deltoides subsp. deltoides Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.