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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub [tree, vine], glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic. Stem: generally erect, generally 4-angled. Leaf: generally simple to deeply lobed, generally opposite, generally gland-dotted. Inflorescence: generally cymes, generally many in dense axillary clusters surrounding stem, generally separated by evident internodes or collectively crowded, spike- or panicle-like, occasionally head-like or raceme, subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1–2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, occasionally 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, generally exserted, paired, pairs generally unequal, occasionally 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, generally arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2. Fruit: generally 4 nutlets, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth.
± 230 genera, 7200 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula, lavender; Mentha, mint; Rosmarinus, rosemary; Thymus, thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in California Cedronella, Leonotis, Monarda, Phlomis). [Harley et al. 2004 Fam Generally Vasc Plant 7:167–275] Moluccella laevis L., shell flower, historical waif in California. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele subsp. ascendens (Jordan) Briq. reported as alien but not naturalized. Salazaria moved to Scutellaria; California Hyptis moved to Condea, California Satureja moved to Clinopodium. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Lamiaceae
Annual to shrub. Leaf: entire to lobed or toothed, generally not spine-tipped. Inflorescence: clusters generally many-flowered, generally head-like, generally ± spheric, generally involucred, generally surrounding nodes in generally ± spike-like, generally interrupted panicles, or flowers 1–several per leaf axil. Flower: calyx generally 2-lipped, upper lip entire or of 3 generally shallow, occasionally spine-tipped lobes, lower lip generally of 2 generally spine-tipped lobes; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip 2-lobed to entire, lower lip with 3 spreading lobes, middle lobe generally expanded; fertile stamens 2, attached in throat, anther sacs 1–2 per stamen, if 2 then separate on thread-like structure with 1 fertile, > other; style forked at tip.Key to Salvia
± 900 species: ± worldwide, especially tropics, subtropical America. (Latin: to save, from medicinal use) [Walker & Sytsma 2007 Ann Bot 100:375–391] Polyphyletic (taxonomic revision needed); California natives in monophyletic sect. Audibertia. All species good bee fodder; seeds edible, a traditional food of native Californians. Historical waifs, Salvia microphylla Kunth last collected in California in 1943, Salvia verbenacea L. in 1936.
Shrub, spreading to mat-forming, 10–70 cm, densely white-scaly. Leaf: blade linear to spoon-shaped, ± entire. Inflorescence: clusters generally 12–30 mm wide; bracts 5–12(14) mm, ± round. Flower: calyx generally 6–11 mm, blue, purple, or rose, upper lip generally entire, rounded, lower lip lobes acute, not spine-tipped; corolla tube generally 6–13 mm, blue (purple to rose, or white), upper lip 2-lobed, 2–3 mm, < lower; stamens, style exserted. Fruit: 1.8–3.5 mm, gray to red-brown.
2n=30. Highly variable; varieties intergrade. [Online Interchange]
Leaf: 0.4–3.2 cm, widest 0.1–1.5 cm from base, abruptly narrowed to petiole. Inflorescence: bract, calyx abaxially soft-shaggy-hairy or scaly, adaxially glabrous to minutely hairy, margin hairs long.
Desert slopes, washes; 300–1900 m. s High Sierra Nevada (e slope), Tehachapi Mountain Area, ne Western Transverse Ranges, se Peninsular Ranges, Great Basin Floristic Province, n Mojave Desert; Nevada, Arizona. May–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Salvia dorrii var. incana
Next taxon: Salvia eremostachya
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 6 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Salvia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=77025, accessed on Oct 6 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Salvia dorrii var. pilosa|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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