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BRASSICACEAE (Cruciferae) MUSTARD FAMILY

Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz, except as noted

Annual to shrub; sap pungent, watery. Leaf: generally simple, alternate; generally both basal, cauline; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally not bracted. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals 4, generally free; petals (0)4, forming a cross, generally white or yellow to purple; stamens generally 6 (2 or 4), 4 long, 2 short (3 pairs of unequal length); ovary 1, superior, generally 2-chambered with septum connecting 2 parietal placentas; style 1, stigma entire or 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule, generally 2-valved, "silique" (length >= 3 × width) or "silicle" (length < 3 × width), dehiscent by 2 valves or indehiscent, cylindric or flat parallel or perpendicular to septum, segmented or not. Seed: 1–many, in 1 or 2 rows per chamber, winged or wingless; embryo strongly curved.
± 330 genera, 3780 species: worldwide, especially temperate. [Al-Shehbaz et al. 2006 Plant Syst Evol 259:89–120] Highest diversity in Mediterranean area, mountains of southwestern Asia, adjacent central Asia, western North America; some Brassica species are oil or vegetable crops; Arabidopsis thaliana used in experimental molecular biology; many species are ornamentals, weeds. Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desvaux in cultivation only. Aubrieta occasional waif in central North Coast Ranges, Carrichtera annua (L.) DC. in South Coast, Iberis sempervirens L., Iberis umbellata L. in Peninsular Ranges, Teesdalia coronopifolia (Bergeret) Thell., Teesdalia nudicaulis (L.) W.T. Aiton in southern Outer North Coast Ranges, Central Coast. Cardaria, Coronopus moved to Lepidium; Caulostramina to Hesperidanthus; Guillenia to Caulanthus; Heterodraba to Athysanus; California taxa of Lesquerella to Physaria; Malcolmia africana to Strigosella. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Brassicaceae

HALIMOLOBOS
[Annual] perennial herb, hairs ± many-branched, tree-like. Leaf: basal simple, entire or dentate to deeply lobed; distal cauline sessile, base wedge-shaped to truncate (lobed). Inflorescence: elongated or not. Flower: sepals erect, base not sac-like; petals oblanceolate to spoon-shaped, not clawed, white. Fruit: silique [silicle], dehiscent, unsegmented, linear [ovate to oblong], flat parallel or perpendicular to septum, hairy, hairs small ± sessile, some long-stalked; stigma entire. Seed: 16–110, in 1[2] rows, oblong, wingless.
6 species: southwestern United States, northern Mexico. (Greek: sea pod, from resemblance of fruit hair cover to salt) [Bailey et al. 2007 Syst Bot 32:140–156]

H. jaegeri (Munz) Rollins
NATIVE
Perennial herb; moderately to densely hairy. Stem: many-branched distally, 1.5–7.5 dm, ± woody at base. Leaf: proximal, middle cauline petioled, (1.5)3–8(11.5) cm, oblanceolate to obovate, densely hairy, base tapered, margin coarsely dentate. Flower: sepals 2–4 mm; petals (3.5)4.5–6 mm, 1–1.5 mm wide. Fruit: (1)1.5–2.6 cm, 0.6–0.9 mm wide, cylindric, constricted between seeds; valves densely hairy; style 1–2.2 mm; pedicels spreading, (3)4–9(12) mm, densely hairy. Seed: 28–38, in 1 row, 0.9–1.2 mm, oblong.
Limestone cliffs, steep rock outcrops, sagebrush-juniper areas; 1200–2600 m. White and Inyo Mountains, Mojave Desert; Nevada. Halimolobos virgata now included in Transberingia. May–Sep [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Halimolobos diffusa (A. Gray) O.E. Schulz var. jaegeri (Munz) Rollins]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 22 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Halimolobos, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=76970, accessed on Oct 22 2014

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click for enlargement Halimolobos jaegeri
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2007 Steve Matson

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Halimolobos jaegeri Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.