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Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often ± connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1–many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, ± free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2–3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely ± dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). [Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:3–215] Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5–8. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Caryophyllaceae
Annual, perennial herb, erect or ± prostrate, taprooted. Leaf: stipules 1–6 mm, lanceolate to ovate, scarious, ± entire, white; blade elliptic to oblanceolate; vein ± 1. Inflorescence: axillary, dense; flowers 1–12; pedicels 0–2 mm. Flower: hypanthium cup-shaped; calyx abruptly expanded above or not; sepals 5, free, 0.7–4.4 mm (except awn), lanceolate to ovate, ± hairy, margin narrow, white, scarious, erect or recurved adaxially at tip (awn then appearing at tip); awn abaxial, subterminal, 0.5–1.5 mm, thread-like to ± stout, straight to wavy; petals 0; fertile stamens 5, staminodes 0 or 5, 0.5–1 mm, thread-like, on hypanthium rim; styles 2 or 2-branched in upper 1/2, 0.2–0.5 mm. Fruit: utricle, ovoid to spheric. Seed: 1, brown.Key to Paronychia
110 species: North America, South America, Eurasia, Africa. (Greek: inflammation of finger, especially under nail [whitlow], ailment plant was believed to cure) [Hartman et al. 2005 FNANM 5:30–43]
Annual, slender; taproot < 1 mm diam. Stem: ± erect, 2–20 cm, not hidden by leaves. Leaf: stipules 1–3 mm; petiole ± present; blade 3–7 mm, elliptic to oblong, granular, brown; tip abruptly pointed; margin green, scabrous. Flower: 3–12, axillary, 2–2.5 mm; hairs ± dense, on lower 1/2, 0.1–0.2 mm, hooked at tip, sepals 0.7–1 mm (except awn), obovate to oblong, margin scarious, 0.1–0.2 mm wide, tip recurved adaxially, awn 0.6–0.9 mm, straight, stout, spreading; staminodes 0.5–0.6 mm. Seed: ± 0.7 mm, ± spheric.
2n=10,14,24,28. Disturbed clay soil; ± 25 m. n San Joaquin Valley (La Grange, Stanislaus Co.); native to southern Europe, northwestern Africa, western Asia. Spring [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: 1 other var., native to southern Europe, southwestern Asia, northwestern Africa.
Previous taxon: Paronychia ahartii
Next taxon: Paronychia franciscana
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 22 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Paronychia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=76965, accessed on Nov 22 2014
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Paronychia echinulata var. echinulata|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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