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Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Dieter H. Wilken

Annual to shrub [tree], generally hairy. Leaf: cauline, opposite, generally toothed; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or head, generally elongated in fruit; bract generally 1 per flower. Flower: bisexual; calyx generally 4–5-toothed; corolla 4–5-lobed, radial to bilateral, salverform to 2-lipped; stamens 4–5 (if 4, generally in unequal pairs), epipetalous; ovary superior, 2- or 4-lobed, generally 2- chambered, style 1, often with 2 unequal lobes, only 1 stigmatic, lateral. Fruit: 2 or 4 nutlets, drupe-like, or capsule.
± 31 genera, ± 920 species: especially America tropics. Some cultivated (Lantana, Verbena, Vitex); some weedy worldwide (Lantana); some used for wood (Tectona, teak). Avicennia included in Acanthaceae. [Marx et al. 2010 Amer J Bot 97:1647–1663] —Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Verbenaceae

Annual to perennial herb [shrub]. Stem: often 4-angled; hairs generally short, stiff. Leaf: reduced distally on stem; blade entire to pinnately lobed. Inflorescence: spike, often in panicle-like clusters, generally terminal, generally elongated in fruit. Flower: calyx 5-ribbed, 5-toothed, hairs generally strigose or appressed; corolla 4–5-lobed, generally ± radial, sometimes bilateral and 2-lipped; stamens 4; ovary 4-chambered, ovules 4, style 1, lobes 2, 1 tooth-like, 1 with ± spheric stigma. Fruit: nutlets 4, generally oblong.
± 250 species: temperate, tropical America, Mediterranean Europe. (Latin: ancient name) [Munir 2002 J Adelaide Bot Gard 18:21–103; Yeo 1990 Kew Bull 45:101–120; Yuan & Olmstead 2008 Molec Phylogen Evol 48:23–33] Verbena gooddingii, Verbena pulchella often placed in Glandularia (sister to Verbena in strictest sense).

Key to Verbena

V. lasiostachys Link
Perennial herb 35–80 cm. Stem: 1–5+, ascending to erect; hairs short, spreading. Leaf: 4–10 cm, ± ovate, coarsely toothed, deeply 1–2-lobed near base, soft-hairy to scabrous; petiole < 2 cm, occasionally narrowly winged. Inflorescence: spikes 1–3 per stem, in fruit 7–25 cm, generally open proximally (fruits not overlapping); flower bract 3–4.5 mm. Flower: calyx 2.5–4 mm; corolla 2.5–5 mm, blue to purple. Fruit: 1–2 mm. Varieties need study. [Online Interchange]

V. lasiostachys var. scabrida Moldenke
Leaf: adaxial face green, generally stiff-hairy. Fruit: nutlet scar white-papillate at 20×.
Open, dry to wet places; < 2300 m. s Northwestern California, s Sierra Nevada Foothills, Tehachapi Mountain Area, Sacramento Valley, Central Western California, South Coast, Channel Islands (except San Clemente Island), Western Transverse Ranges, w Peninsular Ranges; Baja California. May–Sep [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Verbena robusta Greene]

Previous taxon: Verbena lasiostachys var. lasiostachys
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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Dec 1 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Verbena, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Dec 1 2015

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click for enlargement Verbena lasiostachys var. scabrida
See CalPhotos for additional images
2007 Neal Kramer

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Verbena lasiostachys var. scabrida Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.