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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to perennial herb [to trees]. Stem: decumbent to erect, < 2 m, simple or branched. Leaf: simple, cauline, sometimes also basal, opposite or whorled, entire, sessile or basal ± petioled; stipules 0. Flower: bisexual, radial, parts in 4s or 5s except pistil 1; sepals fused, persistent; petals fused, ± persistent, sinus between lobes often unappendaged; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, often intruding, stigmas 1–2. Fruit: capsule, 2-valved. Seed: many.
± 90 genera, 1800 species: worldwide; some cultivated (Eustoma, Exacum, Gentiana). [Struwe & Albert 2002 Gentianaceae. Cambridge Univ Press] Gentianella tenella moved to Comastoma. Key to genera revised by Bruce G. Baldwin. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Wood & Weaver 1982 J Arnold Arbor 63:441–487; Struwe & Albert 2002 Gentianaceae: Systematics and Natural History. Cambridge Univ Press]
Key to Gentianaceae
Annual, biennial, glabrous. Stem: erect, branched or simple below inflorescence. Leaf: cauline, opposite, also basal or not. Inflorescence: cyme. Flower: parts generally in 5s; calyx lobes >> tube (discounting thin membrane between lobes in Centaurium tenuiflorum), ± appressed to corolla tube; corolla salverform, generally pink, lobes < tube, elliptic-oblong, entire or minutely toothed at tip, scales 0, nectary pits 0 (nectaries elsewhere 0); stamens initially curved to 1 side, dehisced anthers spirally twisted; ovary sessile, style thread-like (much wider than filaments), cleft 0.5–1 mm, deciduous, stigmas 2, elliptic to ovate.Key to Centaurium
± 15 species: temperate, dry-mesic tropics, ± Eurasia, northern Africa, Mexico. (Latin: centaur, mythological discoverer of plants medicinal properties) Native species moved to Zeltnera.
Annual, generally 2–75 cm. Leaf: basal ± not rosetted, 15–25 mm, obovate to oblong; cauline generally 10–30 mm, lower elliptic-oblong to ovate, upper lanceolate. Inflorescence: dense, generally ± flat-topped; flowers ± sessile. Flower: corolla lobes 2–4.5 mm.
2n=40. Fields, roadsides, open woodland; < 1800 m. Northwestern California (except High North Coast Ranges), Cascade Range Foothills, n Sierra Nevada Foothills, Great Central Valley, Central Coast, Modoc Plateau; to Oregon, central United States; native to Eurasia. [Centaurium floribundum (Benth.) B.L. Rob., misappl.; Centaurium muehlenbergii (Griseb.) Piper, misappl.] Jun–Aug [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Centaurium pulchellum
Next taxon: Cicendia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 26 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Centaurium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=76816, accessed on May 26 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Centaurium tenuiflorum|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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