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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub.
Stem: ×-section generally round.
Leaf: opposite, simple, entire or toothed; stipules 0.
Inflorescence: spike, raceme, or panicle, bracted, or flowers 1–2 in axils.
Flower: bisexual; calyx radial or ± bilateral, tube long, generally ribbed, lobes 5; corolla generally bilateral, generally 2-lipped, upper 2-lobed, lower 3-lobed; stamens 4 in 2 pairs, epipetalous, included or exserted; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 1–2, placentas parietal or axile, style 1, stigma lobes 2, flat, folding together when touched.
Fruit: generally capsule, generally ellipsoid, loculicidal [ indehiscent, 1-seeded].
± 15 genera, 230 species: ± worldwide, many habitats; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Mimulus, Mazus). Formerly included in Scrophulariaceae. [Beardsley & Olmstead 2002 Amer J Bot 89:1093–1102] Family description by David J. Keil. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Glabrous to hairy.Key to Mimulus
Stem: generally erect.
Leaf: opposite, generally ± sessile, generally toothed or entire, generally green or ± red.
Inflorescence: raceme, bracted, or flowers generally 2 per axil.
Flower: occasionally cleistogamous; calyx generally green, lobes 5, generally << tube, generally unequal; corolla generally deciduous, white to red, maroon, purple, gold, or yellow, lower lip base occasionally swollen, ± closing mouth, tube- throat floor generally with 2 longitudinal folds; anther sacs spreading; placentas 2, axile or parietal; stigma lobes generally flat, generally included.
Fruit: generally ovoid to fusiform, generally upcurved if elongate, generally ± fragile, loculicidal near tip (hard, indehiscent), chambers 1–2.
Seed: many, generally < 1 mm, ovoid, ± yellow to dark brown.
± 100 species: North America, Chile, e Asia, s Africa, New Zealand, Australia. (Latin: little mime or comic actor, from face-like corolla of some species) [Thompson 2005 Syst Bot Monogr 75:1–213] Limb width measured between most distant points across corolla face.
Subshrub, shrub, glabrous to hairy.
Stem: 10–150 cm; main leaf axils generally with small leaf clusters.
Leaf: 10–88 mm; upper surface glabrous, lower generally sticky.
Inflorescence: pedicel 3–30 mm.
Flower: calyx 17–46 mm, not swollen at base, glabrous to hairy, lobes unequal, 2–11 mm, acute to acuminate; corolla persistent, ± yellow, orange, or red, tube- throat 25–57 mm; placentas parietal.
Fruit: 13–25 mm, splitting at upper suture.
2n=20. Complex; vars. intergrading, hybridizing. Mimulus aurantiacus subsp. australis Munz, Mimulus aurantiacus subsp. lompocensis (McMinn) Munz are intervarietal hybrids. [Online Interchange]
Leaf: narrowly elliptic to linear, entire to serrate, edges generally rolled under; lower surface pale and puberulent to densely hairy, at least some hairs branched to stellate.
Inflorescence: flower 2–4 per node; pedicel 5–27 mm.
Flower: calyx 18–36 mm, tube glabrous, distally appressed to corolla tube; corolla ± yellow-orange to orange, tube- throat 26–38 mm, lobes entire to 2-lobed distally; anthers included.
Disturbed areas, coastal cliffs, canyon sides; < 800 m. Northwestern California, Central Western California, n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills;
Previous taxon: Mimulus aurantiacus var. aridus
Next taxon: Mimulus aurantiacus var. grandiflorus
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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