|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to ± fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1–2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0–5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1–2, placentas 2–4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2–4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. [Bennett & Matthews 2006 Amer J Bot 93:1039–1051] High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Orobanchaceae
Annual to subshrub, green. Leaf: sessile, entire to dissected. Inflorescence: spike-like; bracts becoming shorter, wider, more lobed than leaves, mature tips generally cream to red or green. Flower: calyx unequally 4-lobed, colored like bract tips; corolla upper 2 lip lobes fused, beak-like, tip open, lower lip reduced, 3-toothed to -pouched; stamens 4, anther sacs 2, unequal; stigma entire to 2-lobed, generally exserted. Fruit: ± asymmetric. Seed: generally ± brown, attached at base; coat netted, net-like walls ladder-like or not.Key to Castilleja
± 200 species: especially western North America. (Domingo Castillejo, Spanish botanist, 1744–1793) [Tank & Olmstead 2008 Amer J Bot 95:608–625] Hybridization and polyploidy common. Biologically consistent taxa difficult to define. Castilleja chrymactis Pennell not in California, sole (1947) record a misidentified, incomplete specimen.
Unabridged references: [Chuang & Heckard 1991 Syst Bot 16:644–666]
Perennial herb, few-branched, green, generally short-glandular-sticky-hairy and long-nonglandular-hairy. Stem: generally few. Leaf: 20–70 mm, ± lanceolate, generally wavy-margined. Inflorescence: 5–20 cm; bracts 15–25 mm, lobes 0–7, bright red to ± yellow. Flower: calyx divided 1/3–1/2 abaxially and adaxially, ± 1/8 on sides, lobes acute to obtuse; corolla beak ± = tube, adaxially puberulent, margins ± red, lower lip 1–3 mm, dark green, included or exserted; stigma slightly 2-lobed, exserted. Fruit: 8–15 mm. Seed: 1–1.5 mm; coat shallowly netted, loose-fitting, side walls ladder-like. Highly variable complex (other subsp. outside California), unique in combination of glandular-sticky herbage, wavy leaf margins. [Online Interchange]
Stem: 30–60 cm. Leaf: lobes 0(3). Flower: calyx 16–25 mm, divided 1/3–1/2 abaxially and adaxially, 1/8–1/5 on sides, lobes lanceolate, acute; corolla 25–35 mm, beak 11–16 mm.
2n=24,48. Open conifer forest, dry sagebrush scrub; 300–3600 m. Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Great Basin Floristic Province, n Desert Mountains; to Oregon, Idaho. Jun–Aug [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Castilleja applegatei subsp. pallida
Next taxon: Castilleja arachnoidea
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 12 2013
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Castilleja, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=76735, accessed on Dec 12 2013
Copyright © 2013 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Castilleja applegatei subsp. pinetorum|
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2004 Julie Kierstead Nelson
|Bioregions in which Castilleja applegatei subsp. pinetorum occurs||Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.|
Chart based on elevation range in eFlora and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month