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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Perennial, terrestrial [growing on other plants], non-green (nutrition from association of roots with fungi) or green, generally from rhizomes or tubers with few to many fleshy to slender roots; cauline leaves ± reduced to sheathing stem bracts or not.
Leaf: 1–many, basal to cauline, linear to ± round, alternate to opposite (if only 1 pair), generally sessile.
Inflorescence: flowers 1–many, spike or raceme, bracted.
Flower: bisexual, bilateral, in bud generally rotating 180° by twisting ovary (position of parts indicated after twisting); sepals generally 3, generally free, generally petal-like, uppermost generally erect, lateral with chin- or spur-like projection (mentum) or not; petals 3, 1 ( lip) different, spurred or not; stamens generally 1 (3 in Cypripedium, 2 functional, 1 a staminode), fused with style, stigma into column, pollen generally lumped, generally removed as unit by insect; ovary inferior, 1-chambered, placentas 3, parietal, stigma 3 lobed, generally under column tip.
Seed: many, minute.
± 800 genera, ± 25000 species: especially tropics (worldwide except Antarctica). Many cultivated for ornamental, especially Cattleya, Cymbidium, Epidendrum, Oncidium, Paphiopedilum; Vanilla planifolia Andrews fruits used to flavor food. [Romero-Gonzalez et al. 2002 FNANM 26:490–651] —Scientific Editors: Ronald A. Coleman, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Luer 1975 Orchids US and Can, NY Bot Garden; Coleman 1995 Wild Orchids of California. Cornell Univ.]
Key to Orchidaceae
Key to Cypripedium
Stem: often puberulent above.
Leaf: cauline, lanceolate to ovate.
Inflorescence: flowers 1–20; bracts ± leaf-like.
Flower: lower sepals ± united [ free], pendent behind lip; lateral petals downcurved to spreading, ± like upper sepal, twisted or not, lip pouch-like, generally obovoid, mouth ± puckered, margin inrolled; column curved over lip mouth, functional stamens 2, staminodes 1.
Fruit: pendent to spreading, ribbed.
± 35 species: temperate North America, Eurasia; some cultivated for ornamental. (Greek: Venus foot, from lip shape) [Sheviak 1993 Amer Orchid Soc Bull 62:403]
Plant 15–35 cm.
Leaf: 2–5, alternate, 5–18 cm, ovate to lance- elliptic.
Inflorescence: open; flowers generally 1–2.
Flower: upper sepal 18–80 mm, ± elliptic to ovate, green to yellow-green, marked dark red-brown or not; lateral petals 24–95 mm, lanceolate to oblong, spreading, generally ± twisted, colored as upper sepal, lip 15–30 mm, yellow; staminode ± cordate or ovate, yellow.
2n=20. Mesic to moist, shady conifer forest; 1000–1900 m (estimated). Sierra Nevada;
Previous taxon: Cypripedium montanum
Next taxon: Epipactis
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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