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Key to families | Table of families and genera
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[Perennial herb], subshrub to tree; hairs often stellate or glandular. Leaf: generally opposite, simple or compound, generally toothed; stipules generally 0. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx teeth or lobes 5; corolla small, radial, rotate, lobes [3–4]5; stamens 5, epipetalous; ovary ± inferior, chambers 1 or 3–5, 1-ovuled; styles ± 0 or 3–5. Fruit: drupe.
5 genera, 200 species: especially northern temperate, also South America, southeastern Asia, tropical Africa. [Backlund & Bremer 1997 Plant Syst Evol 207:225–254] Incl in Caprifoliaceae in TJM (1993), and possibly in future. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged note: Incl in Caprifoliaceae in TJM (1993), and possibly in future according to the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website (http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/Research/APweb/welcome.html), which states, in part, "The whole lot might usefully be combined in a Caprifoliaceae s.l. (see also APG 2003), since similarities between the families are considerable and differences are mostly slight."
Key to Adoxaceae
Generally shrub to small tree, deciduous; main trunk generally 0. Stem: pith large, spongy. Leaf: 1(2)-odd-pinnately compound; leaflets serrate. Inflorescence: panicle of cymes, terminal, generally ± dome-shaped. Flower: ovary chambers 3–5, ovules pendent; style ± 0, stigma lobes 3–5. Fruit: drupe, berry-like. Seed: 3–5.Key to Sambucus
20 species: temperate, subtropics some cultivated as ornamental. (Greek: for stringed instrument made from wood of genus) Toxic in quantity (except cooked fruits). [Bolli 1994 Diss Bot 223:1–256]
Plant 1–6 m. Leaf: leaflets 5–7, 4–16 cm, lanceolate to oblong-ovate, base generally asymmetric, tip ± acuminate. Inflorescence: 4–12 cm diam, ± dome-shaped; central axis generally dominant. Flower: petals often reflexed. Fruit: red or purple-black, not glaucous. [Online Interchange]
Leaf: abaxially glabrous or stiff-hairy, especially on veins. Inflorescence: generally 6–12 cm diam. Fruit: red.
Moist places; < 3300 m. Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, n Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, San Bernardino Mountains; North America, Europe, Asia. [Sambucus racemosa var. microbotrys (Rydb.) Kearney & Peebles] May–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Sambucus racemosa var. melanocarpa
Next taxon: Viburnum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 29 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Sambucus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=76057, accessed on Jul 29 2014
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|Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa|
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© 2007 Neal Kramer
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