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Annual to shrub [tree, vine], glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic. Stem: generally erect, generally 4-angled. Leaf: generally simple to deeply lobed, generally opposite, generally gland-dotted. Inflorescence: generally cymes, generally many in dense axillary clusters surrounding stem, generally separated by evident internodes or collectively crowded, spike- or panicle-like, occasionally head-like or raceme, subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1–2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, occasionally 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, generally exserted, paired, pairs generally unequal, occasionally 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, generally arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2. Fruit: generally 4 nutlets, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth.
± 230 genera, 7200 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula, lavender; Mentha, mint; Rosmarinus, rosemary; Thymus, thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in California Cedronella, Leonotis, Monarda, Phlomis). [Harley et al. 2004 Fam Generally Vasc Plant 7:167–275] Moluccella laevis L., shell flower, historical waif in California. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele subsp. ascendens (Jordan) Briq. reported as alien but not naturalized. Salazaria moved to Scutellaria; California Hyptis moved to Condea, California Satureja moved to Clinopodium. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Lamiaceae
Perennial herb, glabrous to hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect, proximal nodes occasionally rooting. Leaf: basal and cauline, generally petioled; blade generally entire. Inflorescence: densely clustered, ± spike-like, terminal; bract generally wide, abruptly acuminate. Flower: generally bisexual, occasionally only pistillate; calyx 2-lipped, upper lip = lower, upper lip 3-toothed, lower 2-lobed; corolla finely hairy inside, 2-lipped, lower lip 3-lobed, upper lip ± entire, hood-like, ± enclosing stamens; stamens 4, lower pair > upper, filaments minutely toothed below anthers. Fruit: nutlets obovoid.
4 species: temperate, especially Eurasia. (Latin: from early German name for plant used to treat chest pains) [Trusty et al. 2004 Syst Bot 29:702–715]
Unabridged references: [Wagstaff et al. 1998 Plant Syst Evol 209:265–274]
Stem: 1–5 dm, glabrous to short-hairy. Leaf: lower petioled, petiole 5–30 mm; upper ± sessile; blade 2–7 cm, generally 1–4 cm wide, ovate to elliptic or lanceolate, base generally wedge-shaped. Inflorescence: 2–6.5 cm; bract margins ciliate, ± red. Flower: calyx 7–11 mm, dark green to ± purple; corolla 12–15 mm in bisexual flowers, 8–11 mm in pistillate, ± blue-violet, occasionally pink or white.Key to Prunella vulgaris
2n=28,32. [Online Interchange]
Moist, disturbed sites; < 2500 m. North Coast, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Central Coast, South Coast, Modoc Plateau; eastern United States; native to Europe. Jun–Sep [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Prunella vulgaris var. parviflora (Gilib.) J.W. Moore]
Previous taxon: Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata
Next taxon: Pycnanthemum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 1 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Prunella, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=75995, accessed on Nov 1 2014
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Prunella vulgaris var. vulgaris|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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