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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3–6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0–many, generally free; stamens generally 5–many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1–many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0–1, generally ± persistent as beak, ovules 1–many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, ± utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1–many-seeded.
± 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). [Whittemore & Parfitt 1997 FNANM 3:85–271] Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Ranunculaceae
Perennial herb from caudex, rhizome, or tuber. Leaf: basal, generally many, simple to compound, generally petioled; blade or leaflets lobed to dissected or not, margins entire or toothed; in flower or fruit withered or not. Inflorescence: terminal, flowers 1 or 2–7 in cymes; peduncle erect; pedicel elongated in fruit; involucre bracts sessile or stalked, generally in 1–2 whorls of 2–5, simple to compound, ± like leaves or leaflets in size, shape. Flower: receptacle elongated in fruit; sepals 5–10, petal-like; petals generally 0; stamens 10–200; pistils many, styles persistent as beaks. Fruit: achene.Key to Anemone
± 150 species: arctic, temperate worldwide; some cultivated for ornamental. (Greek: flower shaken by wind) [Dutton et al. 1997 FNANM 3:139–155] Species with long, plumose styles sometimes placed in Pulsatilla.
Unabridged references: [Hoot et al. 1994 Syst Bot 19:169–200]
Plant (30)40–70 cm; caudex branches ascending to erect. Leaf: 3–6(10); petiole (2)4–10(14) cm, silky-hairy; blade 1–2-ternate; leaflet margins dissected in distal 1/3; terminal leaflet (1.5)2.5–4.5(5.5) cm, (1)3–10 cm wide, broadly, irregularly diamond-shaped to obovate; ultimate segments (1.5)2–3.5(5) mm wide. Inflorescence: flowers (2)5–7; peduncle soft-shaggy-hairy; involucre bracts in (1)2 whorls of generally 2–5, generally sessile, ± 1-ternate. Flower: sepals 5–9, 6–17 mm, ovate or oblong, green to yellow, blue, purple, or red (white), adaxially soft-hairy; stamens 50–80. Fruit: body 3–4 mm, ellipsoid to elliptic, flat, woolly to densely silky-hairy; pedicel 6–15(23) cm; beak 1–2 mm, ± straight, glabrous; aggregate spheric.
2n=32. Open, gravelly or rocky slopes, ± subalpine; 1700–2750 m. Klamath Ranges (Marble Mtns), n High Sierra Nevada (The Dardanelles, Alpine Co.); western North America, to northeastern United States, eastern Canada; Chile, Argentina. Apr–Jul [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: 4 varieties in North America.
Previous taxon: Anemone lyallii
Next taxon: Anemone occidentalis
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 19 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Anemone, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=75317, accessed on Apr 19 2014
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