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CAPRIFOLIACEAE HONEYSUCKLE FAMILY

Charles D. Bell, family description, key to genera

Subshrub to small tree or vine. Leaf: opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0. Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 1–5-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, drupe.
5 genera, 220 species: especially northern temperate. [Backlund & Pyck 1998 Taxon 47:657–661] Linnaea moved to Linnaeaceae; Sambucus and Viburnum to Adoxaceae. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Caprifoliaceae

SYMPHORICARPOS WAXBERRY, SNOWBERRY

Charles D. Bell & Lauramay T. Dempster

Shrub. Stem: decumbent to erect, slender. Leaf: simple, deciduous, short-petioled; blade generally elliptic to round, some often ± lobed. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally ± terminal, generally few-flowered; flower subtended by 2 fused bractlets. Flower: ± radial; hypanthium ± spheric; calyx with 5-toothed, persistent limb; corolla bell-shaped to ± salverform, generally 5-lobed, white or pink, often ± hairy inside; nectary glands [1]5, ± basal; stamens generally included; ovary chambers 4, styles generally included, stigma head-shaped. Fruit: drupe, generally berry-like, white to pink. Seed: 2 (1 per lateral ovary chamber), ± oblong, planoconvex.
± 10 species: North America, 1 in China. (Greek: to bear fruit together, berries borne in clusters)
Unabridged references: [Jones 1940 J Arnold Arbor 21:201 252]

Key to Symphoricarpos

S. rotundifolius A. Gray
NATIVE
Plant 6–12 dm, stiff, puberulent. Stem: old bark shredding. Leaf: blade 8–20 mm, abaxially paler, more prominently veined. Inflorescence: flowers 1–2 in axils. Flower: calyx limb flaring, lobes deep, irregular, margin generally transparent; corolla 6–10 mm, narrowly bell-shaped, pink or white, ± hairy inside, lobes ± erect to ± spreading, ± 1/5–1/3 corolla; nectary glands 5, 1 below each corolla lobe; style glabrous. Fruit: 8–12 mm, ovoid. Seed: 4–6 mm. [Online Interchange]

S. rotundifolius var. rotundifolius
NATIVE
Plant ± erect, 6–12 dm. Stem: branches not arched; twigs fine-puberulent. Flower: corolla 7–10 mm, tube inside hairy in middle 1/3, otherwise glabrous.
Rocky or sandy slopes, open places in conifer forest; 1200–3200 m. Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Great Basin Floristic Province; to Washington, Wyoming, Colorado, western Texas. Jun–Aug [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 2 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Symphoricarpos, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=66921, accessed on Sep 2 2014

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click for enlargement Symphoricarpos rotundifolius var. rotundifolius
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2012 Aaron Arthur

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Symphoricarpos rotundifolius var. rotundifolius Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.