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Subshrub to small tree or vine. Leaf: opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0. Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 1–5-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, drupe.
5 genera, 220 species: especially northern temperate. [Backlund & Pyck 1998 Taxon 47:657–661] Linnaea moved to Linnaeaceae; Sambucus and Viburnum to Adoxaceae. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Caprifoliaceae
Shrub. Stem: decumbent to erect, slender. Leaf: simple, deciduous, short-petioled; blade generally elliptic to round, some often ± lobed. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally ± terminal, generally few-flowered; flower subtended by 2 fused bractlets. Flower: ± radial; hypanthium ± spheric; calyx with 5-toothed, persistent limb; corolla bell-shaped to ± salverform, generally 5-lobed, white or pink, often ± hairy inside; nectary glands 5, ± basal; stamens generally included; ovary chambers 4, styles generally included, stigma head-shaped. Fruit: drupe, generally berry-like, white to pink. Seed: 2 (1 per lateral ovary chamber), ± oblong, planoconvex.Key to Symphoricarpos
± 10 species: North America, 1 in China. (Greek: to bear fruit together, berries borne in clusters)
Unabridged references: [Jones 1940 J Arnold Arbor 21:201 252]
Plant erect, 6–18 dm, glabrous or puberulent. Stem: branches stiff, spreading; new shoots erect, unbranched, often with inflorescence and larger, more variable leaves. Leaf: blade generally 1–3 cm, to 6 cm on new shoots. Inflorescence: flowers 8–16. Flower: calyx limb ± spreading, divided 1/2; corolla 4–6 mm, bell-shaped, pink, swollen on 1 side, with 5 nectary glands within swelling, lobes ± 1/2 corolla, ± erect, lobes and upper throat ± densely hairy inside. Fruit: 8–12 mm, round. Seed: 4–5 mm.
Shady woodland, streambanks, n slopes; < 1200 m. Northwestern California, w edge Cascade Range, n Sierra Nevada Foothills, Central Western California, Southwestern California; to Alaska, Montana; naturalized in eastern United States. Fruit may be TOXIC to humans. May–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Symphoricarpos
Next taxon: Symphoricarpos longiflorus
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 9 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Symphoricarpos, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=66912, accessed on Mar 9 2014
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|Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus|
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Charles Webber © 2000 California Academy of Sciences
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