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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub; sap pungent, watery. Leaf: generally simple, alternate; generally both basal, cauline; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally not bracted. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals 4, generally free; petals (0)4, forming a cross, generally white or yellow to purple; stamens generally 6 (2 or 4), 4 long, 2 short (3 pairs of unequal length); ovary 1, superior, generally 2-chambered with septum connecting 2 parietal placentas; style 1, stigma entire or 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule, generally 2-valved, "silique" (length >= 3 × width) or "silicle" (length < 3 × width), dehiscent by 2 valves or indehiscent, cylindric or flat parallel or perpendicular to septum, segmented or not. Seed: 1–many, in 1 or 2 rows per chamber, winged or wingless; embryo strongly curved.
± 330 genera, 3780 species: worldwide, especially temperate. [Al-Shehbaz et al. 2006 Plant Syst Evol 259:89–120] Highest diversity in Mediterranean area, mountains of southwestern Asia, adjacent central Asia, western North America; some Brassica species are oil or vegetable crops; Arabidopsis thaliana used in experimental molecular biology; many species are ornamentals, weeds. Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desvaux in cultivation only. Aubrieta occasional waif in central North Coast Ranges, Carrichtera annua (L.) DC. in South Coast, Iberis sempervirens L., Iberis umbellata L. in Peninsular Ranges, Teesdalia coronopifolia (Bergeret) Thell., Teesdalia nudicaulis (L.) W.T. Aiton in southern Outer North Coast Ranges, Central Coast. Cardaria, Coronopus moved to Lepidium; Caulostramina to Hesperidanthus; Guillenia to Caulanthus; Heterodraba to Athysanus; California taxa of Lesquerella to Physaria; Malcolmia africana to Strigosella. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Brassicaceae
[Annual] perennial herb, subshrub; hairs 0 or simple, glaucous. Leaf: basal, proximal-most cauline petioled, simple to entire or 1(2)-pinnately lobed; middle, distal cauline petioled to sessile, base occasionally lobed or sagittate. Inflorescence: dense, elongated. Flower: sepals oblong to linear, spreading to reflexed, base not sac-like; petals yellow to white, long-clawed; filaments equal; anthers linear, coiled. Fruit: silique, dehiscent, linear, flat parallel to septum or cylindric, unsegmented; stalk above receptacle [0.4]0.6–2.8 cm; style 0 or short, stigma entire. Seed: 10–70, in 1 row, oblong, wingless.Key to Stanleya
7 species: western United States. (E.S. Stanley, English ornithologist, 1775–1851) Concentrates selenium to TOXIC levels, rarely eaten.
Perennial herb to subshrub. Stem: (1.2)3–12(15.3) dm, glaucous, hairs 0 or sparse; base branched, woody. Leaf: basal, proximal cauline 3–15 cm, 2–5 cm wide, oblanceolate to wide-lanceolate or ovate, pinnately lobed; distal cauline entire or few-lobed, base not lobed. Inflorescence: 1–3 dm, dense; buds ± yellow. Flower: sepals 8–16 mm; petals 8–20 mm, 2–3 mm wide, yellow, claw 4–10 mm, densely hairy inside; filament base hairy. Fruit: 3–9 cm, 1.5–3 mm; stalk above receptacle 7–28 mm; pedicel spreading, 3–11 mm, hairs 0 or few. Seed: (10)28–38, 2.5–4.5 mm, oblong.
2n=28,56. Chaparral, open sites, slopes, canyons, desert scrub, woodland, dunes; < 2900 m. s Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Joaquin Valley, South Coast Ranges, South Coast, Western Transverse Ranges, San Gabriel Mountains, Peninsular Ranges, Great Basin Floristic Province, Mojave Desert; to Oregon, Montana, Kansas, New Mexico. [Stanleya pinnata var. inyoensis (Munz & J.C. Roos) Reveal] Stanleya pinnata var. inyoensis based on subshrubby plants, but these sporadic throughout range. Apr–Sep [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Stanleya pinnata subsp. inyoensis Munz & J.C. Roos]
Unabridged note: Stanleya pinnata var. integrifolia (E. James) Rollins in Wyoming, Colorado, Nevada, Utah; Stanleya pinnata var. texana B.L. Turner in Texas have entire proximal leaves.
Previous taxon: Stanleya elata
Next taxon: Stanleya viridiflora
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 20 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Stanleya, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=66734, accessed on Dec 20 2014
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Stanleya pinnata var. pinnata|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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