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CAPRIFOLIACEAE HONEYSUCKLE FAMILY

Charles D. Bell, family description, key to genera

Subshrub to small tree or vine. Leaf: opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0. Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 1–5-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, drupe.
5 genera, 220 species: especially northern temperate. [Backlund & Pyck 1998 Taxon 47:657–661] Linnaea moved to Linnaeaceae; Sambucus and Viburnum to Adoxaceae. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Caprifoliaceae

LONICERA HONEYSUCKLE

Charles D. Bell & Lauramay T. Dempster

Shrub, twining to erect. Leaf: simple, entire, generally short-petioled; 1–2 pairs beneath inflorescence often fused around stem. Inflorescence: spikes, ± interrupted, on axillary peduncles or at ends of branches, or flowers paired on axillary peduncles and subtended by 0–3 pairs of bracts. Flower: calyx limb 0 or generally 5-toothed, generally persistent; corolla 5-lobed, ± bilateral, 2-lipped (upper 4-lobed), swollen at base on 1 side; ovary chambers 2–3. Fruit: berry, generally round; seeds generally > 2.
± 200 species: temperate, subtropical North America, Europe, Asia, northern Africa. (Johann Lonitzer, German herbalist, physician, 1499–1569, and/or his son, Adam Lonitzer, German botanist, 1528–1586) [Howarth & Donoghue 2006 Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 103(24):9101–9106]
Unabridged note: According to Ferguson (1966 J Arnold Arbor 47:33–59), genus named "in honor of Johann Lonitzer, latinized Lonicerus, 1499–1569, a German herbalist and physician, not Adam Lonitzer, 1528–1586; see Linnaeus, Crit. Bot. 93 1737." In fact, although Linnaeus indicated in Critica Botanica (Hort translation, Ray Society, 1938, p. 76) that the genus Lonicera was named in honor of Johann Lonitzer, in Hortus Cliffortianus (1737; p. 58) he states "...Loniceram ab Adamo Lonicero, antiquo Botanico...".

Key to Lonicera

L. subspicata Hook. & Arn.
NATIVE
Generally twining or reclining on shrubs, 9–24 dm; herbage glabrous to puberulent. Leaf: generally 1–4 cm; blade base round or ± tapered, tip round or obtuse; upper pairs not fused around stem. Inflorescence: spike, long, interrupted, often ± glandular-hairy. Flower: corolla 8–12 mm, strongly 2-lipped, pale yellow, often hairy; stamens, stigma exserted. Fruit: ± 8 mm, red or yellow. [Online Interchange]

L. subspicata var. subspicata SANTA BARBARA HONEYSUCKLE
NATIVE
Leaf: narrowly elliptic, 3–4 × longer than wide.
Chaparral; < 1000 m. s Channel Islands (Santa Catalina Island), Western Transverse Ranges. Apr–May [Online Interchange] {CNPS list}

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 23 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Lonicera, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=61091, accessed on Apr 23 2014

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click for enlargement Lonicera subspicata var. subspicata
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© 2003 Michael Charters

Bioregions in which Lonicera subspicata var. subspicata occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.