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BASELLACEAE BASELLA FAMILY

Michael A. Vincent

Perennial herb vines, ± fleshy, glabrous. Leaf: simple, alternate, petioled [not], entire [toothed]; stipules 0. Inflorescence: panicle [raceme, spike], axillary or terminal; pedicel subtended by bract. Flower: generally bisexual, radial, immediately subtended on pedicel by [1]2 bractlets; sepals 2; petals [4]5[–13], ± fused basally into shallow cup; nectary a ring; stamens [4]5[–9], from petal cup, basally fused, basally widened; ovary superior, chamber 1, styles [1]3, ± fused basally. Fruit: utricle, indehiscent, fleshy or papery, enclosed in dry perianth. Seed: 1.
4 genera, ± 20 species: tropics, subtropics, mostly America; some cultivated (Anredera, ornamental; Basella, edible leaves; Ullucus, edible tubers). [Bogle 1969 J Arnold Arbor 50:590–598; Nowicke 1996 Syst Bot 21:187–208] Based on anatomy, some authors interpret sepals as bracts, petals as sepals; Basella alba L. cultivated in California. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 27 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Basellaceae, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=61, accessed on Nov 27 2014

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