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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to perennial herb; generally fleshy.
Stem: 1–many, generally glabrous.
Leaf: simple, alternate or opposite.
Inflorescence: axillary or terminal; cyme, raceme, panicle, umbel, or flower 1.
Flower: bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(9), free; petals (1)2–19, free or ± fused; stamens 1–many, epipetalous or not, anthers pink, rose, or yellow; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules 1–many, placenta basal or free-central; styles (0)1–8, generally fused at base, branched.
Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 2–3-valved.
Seed: 1–many, shiny or ± pebbly or sculptured, black or gray, generally with oil-filled appendage as food for ants.
± 22 genera, ± 230 species: generally temperate America, Asia, Australia, Eur, Kerguelen Is, New Zealand, s Africa, poorly represented in Eur; some cultivated (Lewisia, Calandrinia). [Ogburn & Edwards 2009 Amer J Bot 96:391–408] Details of flowers, seeds require 20× magnification. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Applequist et al. 2006 Syst Bot 31:310–319; Nyffeler et al. 2008 Haseltonia 14: 26–36]
Unabridged note: May include Hectorellaceae.
Key to Montiaceae
Perennial generally from short, thick, ± branched taproot; tuberous root generally 0 (or spheric).Key to Lewisia
Stem: prostrate to erect, scape-like or branched.
Leaf: generally in basal rosette and cauline, simple, entire or not; base wide; margin generally ± translucent.
Inflorescence: ± scapose; cyme, panicle, raceme, or ± umbel; stems 1–many, generally leafless but bracted, disjointing in age or not, 1–many flowered; pedicel 0–30 mm.
Flower: sepals 2–8, free, persistent; petals 4–19, white, cream, yellow, orange, pink, rose, purple, overlapped in bud, often with pink or dark purple veins; stamens 1–50; styles 2–8, fused at base, stigmas 2–8, thread-like.
Fruit: 6–9 mm, spheric or ovoid, circumscissile near middle or below, translucent.
Seed: 1–50, dark, generally shiny, smooth or finely tubercled, 1–4 mm in size.
18 species: w North America, 16 in flora. (Captain Meriwether Lewis, of Lewis & Clark Expedition, 1774–1809) [Wilson et al. 2005 W N Amer Naturalist 65:345–358] Many hybrids, cultivated, including Lewisia ×whiteae Purdy in CA; Lewisia columbiana (A. Gray) B.L. Rob. not in CA.
Unabridged references: [Colley & Mineo 1985 Pacific Hort 46; Davidson 2000 Lewisias (Portland); Dempster 1996 Madroño 43:415–416; Elliott 1966 Bull Alpine Gard Soc Gr Brit 34:1–76; Foster, Carroll, & Hipkins 1997 Fremontia 25:15–19; Gankin & Hildreth 1968 Four Seasons 2(4):12–14; Heckard & Stebbins 1974 Brittonia 26:305–308; Hershkovitz 1990 Phytologia 68:267–270; Hershkovitz & Hogan 2003 FNANM 4:476–485; Hohn 1975 Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ of Washington; Mathew 1989 Kew Magazine Monogr; Daubenmire 1975 Syesis 8:9–23]
Unabridged note: Many hybrids, cultivars (Mathew 1989), incl Lewisia ×whiteae Purdy in CA, as well as Lewisia columbiana (Howell ex A. Gray) B.L. Rob. from Douglas Co., OR north to BC; Lewisia maguirei A.H. Holmgren endemic to NV; Lewisia sacajaweana B.L. Wilson & E. Rey-Vizgirdas restricted to ID; Lewisia tweedyi, endemic to n Cascades of WA, BC now placed in Cistanthe.
Leaf: many, rosetted, 0.5–5 cm, linear, thick, entire, tapered at base, tip blunt.
Inflorescence: stems several to many, 2–6 cm, each 1-flowered, disjointing near middle, leaving proximal ring of 4–7(8) scarious, awl-like bracts; flowers exserted from leaves; pedicel 1–15(30).
Flower: sepals (4)6–9, ± 3/4 × corolla, petal-like, scarious, widely obovate, entire to ± jagged; petals 10–19, 12–35 mm, obovate- oblong, white, pink, rose, lavender, base ± white, tip obtuse-notched; stamens 20–50; stigmas 4–9.
Fruit: 5–6 mm.
Seed: 6–25, 2–2.5 mm.
n=13,14. [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: The following accessions, if verified, would represent range (and/or elevational) extensions (as indicated): PGM2808, PGM0517, PGM6631 (SCoRO, not det to var.) to be checked... and UC570350, UC1031357 (ScV-Sutter Buttes). Both are probably var. rediviva.
Leaf: blades linear, not grooved adaxially.
Inflorescence: pedicel 10–15(30) mm.
Flower: sepals 15–25 mm; petals 18–35 mm; stamens 30–50.
Rocky, sandy ground, open conifer woodland, scrub; 60–1900 m. Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, Inner North Coast Ranges, Sierra Nevada, San Francisco Bay Area, Inner South Coast Ranges, East of Sierra Nevada;
Previous taxon: Lewisia rediviva var. minor
Next taxon: Lewisia serrata
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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