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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual, [perennial herb, subshrub, few epiphytes], glabrous [(hairy)]; roots fibrous [rhizomatous to tuberous]. Stem: watery to fleshy. Leaf: generally alternate, simple, petioled, toothed or entire, veins pinnate, ± arched. Inflorescence: cyme, umbel-like, terminal or axillary, 1–8-flowered. Flower: bisexual, bilateral, twisting 180°; sepals 3, free, upper becoming lower, generally with nectar spur [or spur 0]; petals 3 [5, free or] ± fused in 2s; stamens 5, filaments stout, forming column around pistil, ± united at tip, shed at base, anthers united into cap over stigma; ovary 1, superior, generally 5-chambered, stigmas 1–5. Fruit: capsule, explosive [or berry-like drupe].
2 genera, ± 850 species: tropics, warm temperate; some ornamental. [Janssens et al. 2006 Syst Bot 31:171–180] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Yuan, Y.M., Y. Song, K. Geuten, E. Rahelivololona, S. Wohlhauser, E. Fischer, E. Smets, & P. Küpfer 2004 Taxon 53:391–403; Geuten, K., Becker, A., Kaufmann, K., Caris, P., Janssens, S., Viaene, T., Theissen, G., & Smets, E. 2006. Petaloidy and petal identity MADS-box genes in the balsaminoid genera Impatiens and Marcgravia. Plant J. 47:501–518; Janssens, S., Geuten, K., Yuan, Y. M., Song, Y., Küpfer, P., & Smets, E. 2006. Phylogenetics of Impatiens and Hydrocera (Balsaminaceae) using chloroplast atpB-rbcL spacer sequences. Syst. Bot. 31:171–180.]
Previous taxon: Xylorhiza tortifolia var. tortifolia
Next taxon: Impatiens
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 19 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Balsaminaceae, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=60, accessed on Dec 19 2014
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