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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0–3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0–5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5–many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1–many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1–5. Fruit: 1–many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1–5 stones. Seed: generally 1–5 (per fruit, not per flower).
110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornamental, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. [Potter et al. 2007 Plant Syst Evol 266:5–43] Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis. —Scientific Editors: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303–332, 344–401, 611–662]
Key to Rosaceae
Perennial herb from thick caudex or elongate rhizome. Stem: ascending to erect, generally hairy. Leaf: generally basal, generally odd-1-pinnately compound, upper cauline simple or not; leaflets lobed, alternately large, small, teeth uneven. Inflorescence: generally cyme, open; pedicel bractlets 0. Flower: hypanthium shallow, bractlets generally 5; stamens > 20; pistils many, ovary superior, continuous to style. Fruit: achene, ovoid to fusiform, ± flat; style elongated, persistent.Key to Geum
40–50 species: generally northern temperate, arctic. (Latin: ancient name)
Plant tufted, drying ± green. Stem: 20–110 cm. Leaf: 10–45 cm; main leaflets generally 2–4 per side, generally << terminal; terminal leaflet generally 8–10 cm, ± blunt-cordate-reniform, 3-lobed < 3/4 to base, irregularly toothed. Inflorescence: 3–16-flowered; pedicels densely hairy. Flower: rotate, generally erect; hypanthium bractlets generally 0 or <= 2 mm, linear; sepals reflexed, 2.5–5.5 mm; petals 3–7 mm, obovate-round, yellow, deciduous. Fruit: body 2.5–3.5 mm; style 2.5–6 mm, hooked below deciduous tip, without bristles, generally glandular.
2n=42. [Online Interchange]
Leaf: upper stem leaves compound or simple, divided ± to base, segments oblanceolate to obovate. Inflorescence: pedicels with stalked glands.
Meadows, streambanks; 1000–3300 m. Northwestern California (except North Coast), High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, San Bernardino Mountains, Great Basin Floristic Province; to northern and eastern North America. May–Aug [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Geum macrophyllum var. macrophyllum
Next taxon: Geum triflorum var. ciliatum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 22 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Geum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=59527, accessed on Dec 22 2014
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Geum macrophyllum var. perincisum|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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