Directory       News       Site Map       Home
         
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon

BORAGINACEAE BORAGE or WATERLEAF FAMILY

Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted

Annual to shrub, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1–2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, appendages 0 or 5 at top of tube, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1–4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
± 120 genera, ± 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum). Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. [Olmstead et al. 2000 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. —Scientific Editors: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.

Key to Boraginaceae

EUCRYPTA

Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse

Annual, glandular, sticky, odorous. Stem: erect, much-branched. Leaf: 1–3-pinnate-lobed; lower cauline opposite, petioled, upper alternate, upward smaller, sessile, clasping; petioles generally narrow-winged, ciliate. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary; pedicels thread-like, elongate in fruit. Flower: calyx < 1/2-fused, bell-shaped, glandular, lobes oblong to ovate to spoon-shaped, ciliate; corolla bell-shaped, generally >= calyx, with or without V-shaped transverse fold between each pair of filaments below throat; stamens included, equal, equally attached; ovary chamber 1 (or appearing ± 5 from complex, enlarged placenta), ovules on both sides of placenta, style 1, stigmas 2. Fruit: capsule, ovoid to spheric, bristly. Seed: 5–15.
2 species: southwestern United States. (Greek: well hidden, from seeds)
Unabridged references: [Constance 1938 Lloydia 1:143–152]

Key to Eucrypta

E. chrysanthemifolia (Benth.) Greene
NATIVE
Stem: erect to spreading, < 9 dm. Leaf: lower 2–10 cm, 1–5 cm wide, petioles < 1/2 blade, widened, clasping, blade oblong to wide-ovate, 2–3-pinnate-lobed, lobes obtuse, upper leaves smaller, narrower, less lobed, bases clasping. Inflorescence: flowers 4–15 per branch; pedicels generally recurved in fruit. Flower: calyx 2–4 mm, lobes spreading, not enclosing fruit; corolla 2–6 mm, V-shaped fold 0, lobes hairy abaxially; style < 3 mm. Fruit: 2–4 mm wide. Seed: 6–8, dark brown, of 2 kinds, elliptic or round, disk-like, smooth and oblong-ovoid, wrinkled. [Online Interchange]

E. chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia
NATIVE
Stem: erect, stout. Leaf: lower 2–10 cm, 1–5 cm wide, lobes 9–13. Inflorescence: flowers 8–15 per branch. Flower: corolla 3–6 mm, 4–8 mm wide, > calyx, yellow-white; style 1–3 mm.
n=10. Roadsides, burns, coastal bluffs, ravines; < 1000 m. s Sierra Nevada Foothills, Tehachapi Mountain Area, s San Joaquin Valley, Central Western California, Southwestern California; Baja California. Mar–Jun [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. bipinnatifida
Next taxon: Eucrypta micrantha

Contact/Feedback

Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 31 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Eucrypta, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=58930, accessed on Oct 31 2014

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.


Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

 

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.