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Annual to shrub, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1–2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, appendages 0 or 5 at top of tube, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1–4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
± 120 genera, ± 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum). Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. [Olmstead et al. 2000 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. —Scientific Editors: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Key to Boraginaceae
Annual, glandular, sticky, odorous. Stem: erect, much-branched. Leaf: 1–3-pinnate-lobed; lower cauline opposite, petioled, upper alternate, upward smaller, sessile, clasping; petioles generally narrow-winged, ciliate. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary; pedicels thread-like, elongate in fruit. Flower: calyx < 1/2-fused, bell-shaped, glandular, lobes oblong to ovate to spoon-shaped, ciliate; corolla bell-shaped, generally >= calyx, with or without V-shaped transverse fold between each pair of filaments below throat; stamens included, equal, equally attached; ovary chamber 1 (or appearing ± 5 from complex, enlarged placenta), ovules on both sides of placenta, style 1, stigmas 2. Fruit: capsule, ovoid to spheric, bristly. Seed: 5–15.Key to Eucrypta
2 species: southwestern United States. (Greek: well hidden, from seeds)
Unabridged references: [Constance 1938 Lloydia 1:143–152]
Stem: erect to spreading, < 9 dm. Leaf: lower 2–10 cm, 1–5 cm wide, petioles < 1/2 blade, widened, clasping, blade oblong to wide-ovate, 2–3-pinnate-lobed, lobes obtuse, upper leaves smaller, narrower, less lobed, bases clasping. Inflorescence: flowers 4–15 per branch; pedicels generally recurved in fruit. Flower: calyx 2–4 mm, lobes spreading, not enclosing fruit; corolla 2–6 mm, V-shaped fold 0, lobes hairy abaxially; style < 3 mm. Fruit: 2–4 mm wide. Seed: 6–8, dark brown, of 2 kinds, elliptic or round, disk-like, smooth and oblong-ovoid, wrinkled. [Online Interchange]
Stem: openly spreading. Leaf: lower 2–7 cm, 1–4 cm wide, lobes 7–9. Inflorescence: flowers 4–8 per branch. Flower: corolla 2–3 mm, 2–3 mm wide, = calyx, white or ± blue; style < 1 mm.
n=10,20. Cliffs, rocky slopes, washes, crevices; 30–2300 m. s Sierra Nevada Foothills, Tehachapi Mountain Area, San Bernardino Mountains, e Peninsular Ranges, East of Sierra Nevada, Desert; Nevada, Arizona, Baja California. Mar–May [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia
Next taxon: Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 21 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Eucrypta, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=58929, accessed on Nov 21 2014
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. bipinnatifida|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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