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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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John O. Sawyer, Jr., except as noted

[Perennial herb] shrub, tree, generally erect, often thorny. Leaf: simple, generally alternate, often clustered on short-shoots; stipules generally present, occasionally modified into spines; generally petioled; blade pinnate-veined or 1–5-ribbed from base. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, umbel, or flowers 1 or clustered in axils or on short-shoots. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium subtending, surrounding, or partly fused to ovary; sepals 4–5; petals 0, 4–5, generally clawed; stamens 0, 4–5, alternate sepals, attached to hypanthium top, each generally fitting into a petal concavity; disk (0 or) between stamens, ovary, thin to fleshy, entire or lobed, free from ovary, adherent or fused to hypanthium; ovary superior or ± inferior, chambers [1]2–4, 1–2-ovuled, style 1, stigma entire or 2–3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe.
50–52 genera, 950 species: especially tropics, subtropics some cultivated (Ceanothus; Frangula; Rhamnus; Ziziphus). [Richardson et al. 2000 Amer J Bot 87:1309–1324] —Scientific Editors: Steve Boyd, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Brizicky 1965 J Arnold Arbor 45:439–463; Richardson et al. 2000 Kew Bull 55:311–341]

Key to Rhamnaceae

Shrub. Stem: branches alternate, rigid; twigs thorn-tipped. Leaf: clustered on short-shoots, deciduous; stipules deciduous; petioles ± 0; blade generally obovate, 1-ribbed from base, entire. Inflorescence: flowers 1 or in clusters on short-shoots. Flower: hypanthium hemispheric, 1–1.5 mm wide; sepals 5, deciduous; petals 0 [5]; stamens 5; disk 0 or thin in early flower; ovary spheric, strong-narrowed at base, chambers 2, each 1-ovuled, stigma entire. Fruit: drupe, stone 1.
18 species: arid America. (A. Condal, Spanish physician, 1745?–1804) [Christie et al. 2006 Canotia 2:23–46]
Unabridged references: [Johnston 1962 Brittonia 14:332–368]

C. globosa I.M. Johnst. var. pubescens I.M. Johnst. SPINY ABROJO
Plant < 4 m. Stem: bark smooth, gray; twigs 3–13 cm, pale olive-green or purple, short-hairy. Leaf: in clusters of 2–7; stipules brown; blade 3–12 mm, narrowly oblanceolate to obovate, ± thickened, densely to sparsely hairy, base wedge-shaped. Inflorescence: 1–8-flowered. Flower: hypanthium 1–1.5 mm wide, olive-green or purple, short-hairy; sepals ± 1 mm, olive-green; stamens < sepals; pistil purple. Fruit: 3–5 mm, black, juicy.
Desert scrub; < 1000 m. Sonoran Desert; Arizona, Mexico. Other variety (twigs glabrous) in northwestern Mexico. Mar–Apr [Online Interchange] {CNPS list}

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 29 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Condalia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 29 2015

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Condalia globosa var. pubescens Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.