Directory       News       Site Map       Home
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon


Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted

Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1–few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4–5, generally fused at base; corolla 4–5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1–2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2–4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
110 genera, ± 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553; Olmstead et al. 2001 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Plantaginaceae


Michael S. Park & Elizabeth Chase Neese

Annual, often glandular, sometimes brown-staining. Leaf: opposite; proximal petioled. Inflorescence: bracted, often interrupted; flowers 1–many in leaf axils. Flower: calyx lobes 5, generally glabrous on inner surface; corolla ± pea-like, uniformly pale, or generally with pale regions, especially throat and base of upper lip (± uniformly dark in Collinsia greenei), generally glabrous outside, tube short, throat ± angled to tube, ± pouched on upper side, lips generally ± = throat, upper lobes 2, ± reflexed, lower lobes 3, lateral spreading, central lobe keeled, enclosing stamens and style; stamens 4, attached unequally near throat base, spur at base of upper filaments > 1 mm, vestigial, or 0; staminode gland-like; style > 2 mm, stigma minutely 2-lobed. Fruit: septicidal and loculicidal (valves 2-lobed). Seed: generally few, ± oblong, generally plump; inner surface ± concave.
± 20 species: North America, especially California. (Zaccheus Collins, Philadelphia botanist, 1764–1831) Late-season flowers generally atypically small.

Key to Collinsia

C. bartsiifolia Benth.
Leaf: generally 1–4 cm, ± thick, ± oblong, obtuse, crenate, rolled under, generally finely hairy. Inflorescence: interrupted, ± glandular or shaggy-hairy; whorls dense; pedicel < calyx. Flower: calyx lobe tips ± blunt; corolla drying veiny, throat longer than wide, hairy inside, lips ± equal or upper lip 1/2–2/3 lower lip, upper lobes ± oblong, ± toothed, backs often touching or parallel, lateral lobes obovate, notched or ± entire; upper filaments hairy, basal spur 0–0.5 mm. Seed: many, ± plump, 1–1.5 mm.
n=7. Corolla size in populations varies with climate across years. Varieties not distinct in Outer South Coast Ranges and northern Western Transverse Ranges; study needed. [Online Interchange]

C. bartsiifolia var. stricta (Greene) Newsom
Plant 12–35 cm. Flower: corolla 8–12 mm, fleshy to pink-lavender, upper lip 1/2–2/3 lower lip, lobes sometimes purple tipped with purple spots at base, lateral lobes ± entire.
n=7. Chaparral, open oak woodland, dry mixed woodland; 700–1300 m. Sierra Nevada Foothills/High Sierra Nevada, c High Sierra Nevada (Wawona, likely extirpated). [Collinsia bartsiifolia var. davidsonii, in part, misappl.] Last collected in 1975. May–Jul [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Collinsia bartsiifolia var. davidsonii
Next taxon: Collinsia callosa


Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Mar 26 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Collinsia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Mar 26 2015

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Collinsia bartsiifolia var. stricta Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records


CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.