Directory       News       Site Map       Home
         
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon

RANUNCULACEAE BUTTERCUP FAMILY

Margriet Wetherwax & Dieter H. Wilken, family description, key to genera

Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3–6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0–many, generally free; stamens generally 5–many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1–many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0–1, generally ± persistent as beak, ovules 1–many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, ± utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1–many-seeded.
± 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). [Whittemore & Parfitt 1997 FNANM 3:85–271] Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Ranunculaceae

ANEMONE ANEMONE

Scott Simono

Perennial herb from caudex, rhizome, or tuber. Leaf: basal, generally many, simple to compound, generally petioled; blade or leaflets lobed to dissected or not, margins entire or toothed; in flower or fruit withered or not. Inflorescence: terminal, flowers 1 or 2–7[9] in cymes; peduncle erect; pedicel elongated in fruit; involucre bracts sessile or stalked, generally in 1–2 whorls of 2–5[9], simple to compound, ± like leaves or leaflets in size, shape. Flower: receptacle elongated in fruit; sepals 5–10[27], petal-like; petals generally 0; stamens 10–200; pistils many, styles persistent as beaks. Fruit: achene.
± 150 species: arctic, temperate worldwide; some cultivated for ornamental. (Greek: flower shaken by wind) [Dutton et al. 1997 FNANM 3:139–155] Species with long, plumose styles sometimes placed in Pulsatilla.
Unabridged references: [Hoot et al. 1994 Syst Bot 19:169–200]

Key to Anemone

A. oregana A. Gray var. oregana
NATIVE
Plant 8–30(35) cm; rhizome spreading, thick. Leaf: 0–1, in flower persistent or not; petiole 4–20 cm; leaflets ± like involucre bracts in size, shape. Inflorescence: flower 1; peduncle glabrous; involucre bracts in 1 whorl of 3, stalked, generally 1-ternate; terminal leaflet-like unit 2–8 cm, 1–3(3.5) cm wide, ± diamond-shaped or ovate to oblanceolate, ± glabrous to strigose, margins crenate to sharply serrate on distal 1/2 (2/3). Flower: sepals 5–7(8), 10–20 mm, 5–8(10) mm wide, ovate to oblong, blue to purple, ± red, or pink (white), glabrous; stamens 30–60(75). Fruit: body 4–5 mm, oblong to elliptic, puberulent (glabrous); pedicel (1.5)2–5(7) cm; beak (0.5)1–1.5 mm, ± straight, glabrous; aggregate 8–15 mm, ± spheric.
2n=16. Shaded sites, conifer forest; 100–1900 m. Klamath Ranges, High Cascade Range; to Washington. Mar–Jun [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: Anemone oregana var. felix (M. Peck) C.L. Hitchc. a rare plant in marshes, bogs in Oregon, Washington.

Previous taxon: Anemone occidentalis
Next taxon: Anemone tuberosa

Contact/Feedback

Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 20 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Anemone, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=54033, accessed on Sep 20 2014

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.


Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Anemone oregana var. oregana Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

 

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.